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Concerto

Concerto

for Piano and Orchestra


  • Instrumentation: piano and orchestra
  • Edition: performance material

 
description
I composed the Piano Concerto in two stages: the first three movements during the years 1985-86, the next two in 1987, the final autograph of the last movement was ready by January, 1988. The concerto is dedicated to the American conductor Mario di Bonaventura. 

The markings of the movements are the following: 

1. Vivace molto ritmico e preciso 
2. Lento e deserto 
3. Vivace cantabile 
4. Allegro risoluto 
5. Presto luminoso.

The first performance of the three-movement Concerto was on October 23rd, 1986 in Graz. Mario di Bonaventura conducted while his brother, Anthony di Bonaventura, was the soloist. Two days later the performance was repeated in the Vienna Konzerthaus. After hearing the work twice, I came to the conclusion that the third movement is not an adequate finale; my feeling of form demanded continuation, a supplement. That led to the composing of the next two movements. The premiere of the whole cycle took place on February 29th, 1988, in the Vienna Konzerthaus with the same conductor and the same pianist. 

The orchestra consisted of the following: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, tenor trombone, percussion and strings. The flautist also plays the piccoIo, the clarinetist, the alto ocarina. The percussion is made up of diverse instruments, which one musician-virtuoso can play. It is more practical, however, if two or three musicians share the instruments. Besides traditional instruments the percussion part calls also for two simple wind instruments: the swanee whistle and the harmonica. The string instrument parts (two violins, viola, cello and doubles bass) can be performed soloistic since they do not contain divisi. For balance, however, the ensemble playing is recommended, for example 6-8 first violins, 6-8 second, 4-6 violas, 4-6 cellos, 3-4 double basses. 

In the Piano Concerto I realized new concepts of harmony and rhythm. 

The first movement is entirely written in bimetry: simultaneously 12/8 and 4/4 (8/8). This relates to the known "triplet on a doule" relation and in itself is nothing new. Because, however, I articulate 12 triola and 8 duola pulses, an entangled, up till now unheard kind of polymetry is created. The rhythm is additionally complicated because of asymmetric groupings inside two speed layers, which means accents are asymmetrically distributed. These groups, as in the talea technique, have a fixed, continuously repeating rhythmic structures of varying lengths in speed layers of 12/8 and 4/4. This means that the repeating pattern in the 12/8 level and the pattern in the 4/4 level do not coincide and continuously give a kaleidoscope of renewing combinations. 

In our perception we quickly resign from following particular rhythmical successions and that what is going on in time appears for us as something static, resting. This music, if it is played properly, in the right tempo and with the right accents inside particular layers, after a certain time “rises", as it were, as a plane after taking off: the rhythmic action, too complex to be able to follow in detail, begins "flying". This diffusion of individual structures into a different global structure is one of my basic compositional concepts: from the end of the fifties, from the orchestral works Apparitions and Atmosphères I continuously have been looking for new ways of resolving this basic question. The harmony of the first movement is based on mixtures, hence on the parallel leading of voices. This technique is used here in a rather simple form; later in the fourth movement it will be considerably developed. 

The second movement (the only slow one amongst five movements) also has a talea type of structure, it is however much simpler rhythmically, because it contains only one speed layer. The melody is consisted in the development of a rigorous interval mode in which two minor seconds and one major second alternate therefore nine notes inside an octave. This mode is transposed into different degrees and it also determines the harmony of the movement; however, in closing episode in the piano part there is a combination of diatonics (white keys) and pentatonics (black keys) led in brilliant, sparkling quasimixtures, while the orchestra continues to play in the nine tone mode. 

In this movement I used isolated sounds and extreme registers (piccolo in a very low register, bassoon in a very high register, canons played by the swanee whistle, the alto ocarina and brass with a "harmon-mute"' damper, "cutting" sound combinations of the piccolo, clarinet and oboe in an extremely high register, also alternating of a whistle-siren and xylophone). The third movement also has one speed layer and because of this it appears as simpler than the first, but actually the rhythm is very complicated in a different way here. Above the uninterrupted, fast and regular basic pulse, thanks to the asymmetric distribution of accents, different types of hemiolas and "inherent melodical patterns" appear (the term was coined by Gerhard Kubik in relation to central African music). If this movement is played with the adequate speed and with very clear accentuation, illusory rhythmic-melodical figures appear. These figures are not played directly; they do not appear in the score, but exist only in our perception as a result of co-operation of different voices. 

Already earlier I had experimented with illusory rhythmics, namely in Poème symphonique for 100 metronomes (1962), in Continuum for harpsichord (1968), in Monument for two pianos (1976), and especially in the first and sixth piano etude Désordre and Automne à Varsovie (1985). 

The third movement of the Piano Concerto is up to now the clearest example of illusory rhythmics and illusory melody. In intervallic and chordal structure this movement is based on alternation, and also inter-relation of various modal and quasi-equidistant harmony spaces. The tempered twelve-part division of the octave allows for diatonical and other modal interval successions, which are not equidistant, but are based on the alternation of major and minor seconds in different groups. The tempered system also allows for the use of the anhemitonic pentatonic scale (the black keys of the piano). From equidistant scales, therefore interval formations which are based on the division of an octave in equal distances, the twelve-tone tempered system allows only chromatics (only minor seconds) and the six-tone scale (the whole-tone: only major seconds). 

Moreover, the division of the octave into four parts only minor thirds) and three parts (three major thirds) is possible. In several music cultures different equidistant divisions of an octave are accepted, for example, in the Javanese slendro into five parts, in Melanesia into seven parts, popular also in south­eastern Asia, and apart from this, in southern Africa. This does not mean an exact equidistance: there is a certain tolerance for the inaccurateness of the interval tuning. 

These exotic for us, Europeans, harmony and melody have attracted me for several years. However I did not want to re-tune the piano (microtone deviations appear in the concerto only in a few places in the horn and trombone parts led in natural tones). After the period of experimenting, I got to pseudo- or quasi­equidistant intervals, which is neither whole-tone nor chromatic: in the twelve-tone system, two whole-tone scales are possible, shifted a minor second apart from each other. Therefore, I connect these two scales (or sound resources), and for example, places occur where the melodies and figurations in the piano part are created from both whole tone scales; in one band one six-tone sound resource is utilized, and in the other hand, the complementary. In this way whole-tonality and chromaticism mutually reduce themselves: a type of deformed equidistancism is formed, strangely brilliant and at the same time "slanting"; illusory harmony, indeed being created inside the tempered twelve-tone system, but in sound quality not belonging to it anymore. 

The appearance of such "slanted­equidistant harmony fields" alternating with modal fields and based on chords built on fifths (mainly in the piano part), complemented with mixtures built on fifths in the orchestra, gives this movement an individual, soft-metallic colour (a metallic sound resulting from harmonics). 

The fourth movement was meant to be the central movement of the Concerto. Its melodc-rhythmic elements (embryos or fragments of motives) in themselves are simple. The movement also begins simply, with a succession of overlapping of these elements in the mixture type structures. Also here a kaleidoscope is created, due to a limited number of these elements - of these pebbles in the kaleidoscope - which continuously return in augmentations and diminutions. 

Step by step, however, so that in the beginning we cannot hear it, a compiled rhythmic organization of the talea type gradually comes into daylight, based on the simultaneity of two mutually shifted to each other speed layers (also triplet and duoles, however, with different asymmetric structures than in the first movement). While longer rests are gradually filled in with motive fragments, we slowly come to the conclusion that we have found ourselves inside a rhythmic-melodical whirl: without change in tempo, only through increasing the density of the musical events, a rotation is created in the stream of successive and compiled, augmented and diminished motive fragments, and increasing the density suggests acceleration. 

Thanks to the periodical structure of the composition, "always new but however of the same" (all the motivic cells are similar to earlier ones but none of them are exactly repeated; the general structure is therefore self-similar), an impression is created of a gigantic, indissoluble network. Also, rhythmic structures at first hidden gradually begin to emerge, two independent speed layers with their various internal accentuations. 

This great, self-similar whirl in a very indirect way relates to musical associations, which came to my mind while watching the graphic projection of the mathematical sets of Julia and of Mandelbrot made with the help of a computer. I saw these wonderful pictures of fractal creations, made by scientists from Brema, Peitgen and Richter, for the first time in 1984. From that time they have played a great role in my musical concepts. This does not mean, however, that composing the fourth movement I used mathematical methods or iterative calculus; indeed, I did use constructions which, however, are not based on mathematical thinking, but are rather "craftman’s" constructions (in this respect, my attitude towards mathematics is similar to that of the graphic artist Maurits Escher). I am concerned rather with intuitional, poetic, synesthetic correspondence, not on the scientific, but on the poetic level of thinking. 

The fifth, very short Presto movement is harmonically very simple, but all the more complicated in its rhythmic structure: it is based on the further development of ''inherent patterns" of the third movement. The quasi-equidistance system dominates harmonically and melodically in this movement, as in the third, alternating with harmonic fields, which are based on the division of the chromatic whole into diatonics and anhemitonic pentatonics. Polyrhythms and harmonic mixtures reach their greatest density, and at the same time this movement is strikingly light, enlightened with very bright colours: at first it seems chaotic, but after listening to it for a few times it is easy to grasp its content: many autonomous but self-similar figures which crossing themselves. 

I present my artistic credo in the Piano Concerto: I demonstrate my independence from criteria of the traditional avantgarde, as well as the fashionable postmodernism. Musical illusions which I consider to be also so important are not a goal in itself for me, but a foundation for my aesthetical attitude. I prefer musical forms which have a more object-like than processual character. Music as "frozen" time, as an object in imaginary space evoked by music in our imagination, as a creation which really develops in time, but in imagination it exists simultaneously in all its moments. The spell of time, the enduring its passing by, closing it in a moment of the present is my main intention as a composer. György Ligeti
Details
Content text: I Vivace molto ritmico e preciso
II Lento e deserto
III Vivace cantabile
IV Allegro risoluto, molto ritmico
V Presto luminoso
Performance duration: 24'0"
Publisher: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 23. Oktober 1986 Graz (A) Steirischer Herbst 1986 · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker (Uraufführung 1.-3. Satz)

29. Februar 1988 Wien, Konzerthaus (A) · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · ORF-Symphonieorchester (Uraufführung 4. und 5. Satz)
Year of composition: 1985-1988
instrumentation: 1 (auch Picc.) · 1 · 1 (auch Alt-Okarina in G) · 1 - 1 · 1 · 1 · 0 - S. (Glsp. · Xyl. · Trgl. · 2 Crot. · 2 hg. Beck., kl. u. normal groß · Schellentr. · kl. Tr. · 3 Rototoms · 4 Tomt. · gr. Tr. · 4 Woodbl. · 5 Tempelbl. · Guero · Kast. · Peitsche · Sirenenpf. · Trillerpf. · Lotosfl. · Flex. · Chromonica in C 270 [Hohner]) (1-2 Spieler) - Str. (8 · 7 · 6 · 5 · 4; auch solist. Streicherbesetzung [1 · 1 · 1 · 1 · 1] möglich)
Performances
Conductor: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestra: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-10-02 | Lublin (Poland), Ośrodek Międzykulturowych Inicjatyw Twórczych „Rozdroża”
Conductor: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestra: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-09-30 | Wrocław (Poland), Akademia Muzyczna im. Karola Lipińskiego
Conductor: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestra: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-09-28 | Warzawa (Poland), Polskie Radio
Conductor: Dirk Kaftan
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2018-09-20 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Mozart Saal — 20:00
Conductor: David Robertson
Orchestra: Chamber Orchestra of Europe
2018-06-09 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater — 19:00
Conductor: Ben Bolter
Orchestra: Contemporary Music Ensemble and Bienen Contemporary
2018-05-17 | Evanston, IL (United States of America), Norhwestern University Galvin Recital Hall
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: David Dzubay
Orchestra: New Music Ensemble
2018-04-19 | Bloomington, IN (United States of America), Auer Hall
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2018-04-05 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Muziekgebouw aan ’t IJ — 20:15
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2018-03-16 | New York, NY (United States of America), Carnegie Hall, Zankel Hall
Conductor: Jerry Hou
Orchestra: Students of the Shepherd School of Music
2018-03-06 | Houston, TX (United States of America), Duncan Recital Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Jerry Hou
2018-03-06 | Houston, TX (United States of America), Duncan Recital Hall, Rice University
Conductor: David Gompper
Orchestra: University of Iowa
2018-02-25 | Iowa City, IA (United States of America), Concert Hall
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-28 | Frankfurt (Germany), Alte Oper — 19:30
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-24 | Hamburg (Germany), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-23 | Hamburg (Germany), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Conductor: Hartmut Keil
Orchestra: Ensemble Arc-en-Ciel
2018-01-19 | Zürich (Switzerland), Toni-Areal — 19:30
Conductor: Ulrich Pöhl
Orchestra: Insomnio
2018-01-18 | Utrecht (Netherlands), TivoliVredenburg — 20:15
Orchestra: UMZE Chamber Ensemble
2017-12-16 | Budapest (Hungary)
Conductor: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestra: Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra
2017-08-26 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
Conductor: John Storgårds
Orchestra: Münchener Kammerorchester
2017-06-22 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater — 20:00
Conductor: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestra: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-20 | Cleveland, OH (United States of America), Severance Hall
Conductor: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestra: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-19 | Cleveland, OH (United States of America), Severance Hall
Conductor: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestra: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-18 | Cleveland, OH (United States of America), Severance Hall
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2017-05-05 | London (United Kingdom), Kings Place — 19:30
Conductor: Jean Deroyer
Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte Carlo
2017-03-25 | Monte Carlo (Monaco), Auditorium Rainier III
Conductor: Tito Munoz
Orchestra: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-12 | Prescott, AZ (United States of America), Yavapai Center for the Arts
Conductor: Tito Munoz
Orchestra: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-11 | Phoenix, AZ (United States of America), Symphony Hall
Conductor: Tito Munoz
Orchestra: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-10 | Phoenix, AZ (United States of America), Symphony Hall
Conductor: Courtney Lewis
Orchestra: Jacksonville Symphony
2017-03-04 | Jacksonville, FL (United States of America), Jacoby Symphony Hall
Conductor: Courtney Lewis
Orchestra: Jacksonville Symphony
2017-03-03 | Jacksonville, FL (United States of America), Jacoby Symphony Hall
Conductor: Aleck Karis
Orchestra: Palimpsest Ensemble
2017-03-01 | La Jolla, CA (United States of America), Conrad Prebys Concert Hall
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-02-24 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio Nacional Madrid — 22:30
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-02-19 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Conductor: David Claudio
Orchestra: NYKY Ensemble
2017-02-11 | Helsinki (Finland), Music Centre — 17:30
Orchestra: Ensemble Mise-En, Inc.
2017-01-21 | Sarasota. FL (United States of America), New Music New College
Conductor: Trond Madsen
Orchestra: Trondheim Symfoniorkester
2016-11-11 | Trondheim (Norway), Dokkhuset Scene — 20:00
Conductor: Berislav Sipus
Orchestra: Cantus Ensemble
2016-10-22 | Zagreb (Croatia)
Conductor: Alan Gilbert
Orchestra: Ensemble of the LUCERNE FESTIVAL ALUMNI
2016-06-03 | New York, NY (United States of America), The Metropolitan Museum of Arts
Conductor: László Tihanyi
Orchestra: Geidai Philharmonia
2016-06-03 | Tokyo (Japan), Sogakudo
Conductor: David Felberg
Orchestra: Chamber Orchestra TBA
2016-05-15 | Albuquerque, NM (United States of America), Las Puertas — 10:30
Conductor: Ludovic Morlot
Orchestra: Geneva Camerata
2016-03-19 | Genève (Switzerland), Alhambra — 20:00
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2016-02-19 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2016-02-13 | Columbia, MO (United States of America), The Missouri Theatre
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2016-02-12 | St. Louis, MO (United States of America), Sheldon Concert Hall
Conductor: Sandro Gorli
Orchestra: Divertimento Ensemble
2015-09-17 | Milano (Italy), Teatro Litta — 20:30
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: International Contemporary Ensemble
2015-08-16 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall
Conductor: Matthias Foremny
Orchestra: Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
2015-07-18 | Stuttgart (Germany), Theaterhaus T1 — 20:00
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-27 | New York, NY (United States of America), Whitney Museum of American Art
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-26 | New York, NY (United States of America), Whitney Museum of American Art
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2015-06-25 | Snape (United Kingdom), Britten Studio — 19:30
Conductor: Jonathan Stockhammer
Orchestra: Collegium Novum Zürich
2015-05-04 | Zürich (Switzerland), Tonhalle, kleiner Saal
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2015-04-20 | Zagreb (Croatia), Koncertna dvorana Vatroslava Lisinskog — 19:30
Conductor: Clement Power
Orchestra: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-04-19 | Köln (Germany), WDR Funkhaus am Wallrafplatz
Conductor: Jürg Henneberger
Orchestra: Ensemble Diagonal
2015-03-27 | Basel (Switzerland), Musik-Akademie — 20:15
Conductor: Peter Rundel
Orchestra: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-02-07 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw — 14:00
Conductor: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestra: Izumi Sinfonietta Osaka
2015-01-24 | Osaka (Japan), Izumi Hall
Conductor: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2015-01-16 | Paris (France), Philharmonie — 20:30
Conductor: Beat Furrer
Orchestra: Klangforum Wien
2014-11-25 | Wien (Austria), Konzerthaus, Mozart-Saal
Conductor: Alex Jimenez
Orchestra: Florida State University
2014-11-08 | Tallahassee, FL (United States of America), Florida State University
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2014-10-04 | Birmingham (United Kingdom), CBSO Centre
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: Sinfóníuhljómsveit Íslands (Iceland Symphony Orchestra)
2014-06-05 | Harpa (Iceland), Concert Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Jeffery Kahane
Orchestra: Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
2014-05-18 | Los Angeles, CA (United States of America), Royce Hall
Conductor: Jeffery Kahane
Orchestra: Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
2014-05-17 | Glendale, CA (United States of America), Alex Theater
Conductor: Steven Loy
Orchestra: Slovenska filharmonija (Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra)
2014-04-15 | Ljubljana (Slovenia), Dvorana Marjana Kozine
Conductor: Tania Miller
Orchestra: Victoria Symphony
2014-03-29 | Victoria (Canada), Alix Goolden Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Stephen Taylor
Orchestra: University of Illinois
2014-03-19 | Urbana, IL (United States of America), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Conductor: Stephen Taylor
Orchestra: University of Illinois
2014-03-18 | Urbana, IL (United States of America), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Conductor: Pablo Heras-Casado
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2014-02-22 | Bordeaux (France), Auditorium, salle Dutilleux — 20:00
Conductor: Alfredo Perl
Orchestra: Detmolder Kammerorchester
2014-02-04 | Detmold (Germany), Konzerthaus der Hochschule für Musik — 19:30
Conductor: Oliver Hagen
Orchestra: Ensemble LPR
2014-01-24 | New York, NY (United States of America), Le Poisson Rouge
Conductor: Konstantia Gourzi
Orchestra: ensemble oktopus für musik der moderne
2013-12-02 | München (Germany), Reaktorhalle — 20:00
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2013-11-14 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Muziekgebouw — 15:00
Conductor: Alexander Jimenez
Orchestra: Florida State University
2013-10-11 | Tallahassee, FL (United States of America), Ruby Diamond Concert Hall
Conductor: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestra: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2013-09-29 | Düsseldorf (Germany), Tonhalle — 18:00
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ensemble Ostravská banda
2013-05-31 | Praha (Czech Republic), Archa Theatre
Conductor: Jonathan Kaell
Orchestra: Ensemble Grenzpunkt
2013-05-29 | Saarbrücken (Germany), Hochschule für Musik
Conductor: Scott Dunn
Orchestra: Jacaranda Chamber Ensemble
2013-01-12 | Santa Monica, CA (United States of America), First Presbyterian Church
Conductor: Joana Carneiro
Orchestra: Berkeley Symphony Orchestra
2012-12-06 | Berkeley, CA (United States of America), Zellerbach Hall
Conductor: Baldur Brönnimann
Orchestra: Klangforum Wien
2012-11-28 | Buenos Aires (Argentine), Teatro Colon
Conductor: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestra: Philharmonic Orchestra of the Kunitachi College of Music
2012-11-10 | Tokyo (Japan), Kunitachi College of Music
Conductor: Jean Deroyer
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2012-11-03 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper — 20.00 h, 2. Abonnementkonzert
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-21 | Köln (Germany), Philharmonie — 20.00 h
Conductor: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestra: Israel Symphony Orchestra
2012-10-20 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: BIT20 Ensemble
2012-10-18 | Bergen (Norway), Grieghallen
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Germany), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Germany), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-17 | Bruxelles (Belgium), Palais des Beaux-Arts — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-16 | Hamburg (Germany), Laeiszhalle — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Länsmusiken i Örebro län AB
2012-09-20 | Örebro (Sweden), Konserthus — 19.00 h
Conductor: Philipp Chizhevsky
Orchestra: Chamber Orchestra of Moscow Conservatory
2012-06-09 | Moscow (Russia), Conservatory
Conductor: Evan Christ
Orchestra: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-13 | Cottbus (Germany), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 19.00 h
Conductor: Evan Christ
Orchestra: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-11 | Cottbus (Germany), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 20.00 h
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest
2012-04-13 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw
Conductor: Scott Dunn
Orchestra: Mimesis Ensemble
2012-04-02 | New York, NY (United States of America), Zankel Hall at Carnegie Hall
Conductor: Nikoloz Rachveli
Orchestra: Georgian State Philharmonic Orchestra
2012-03-30 | Tbilisi (Georgia), Mikeladze Center, Concert Hall
Conductor: Ken Takaseki
Orchestra: Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra
2012-01-17 | Tokyo (Japan), Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2011-10-13 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Eastman School of Music Musica Nova
2011-10-05 | Rochester, NY (United States of America), Kilbourn Hall, Eastman School of Music
Conductor: Pascal Rophé
Orchestra: Kringkastingsorkestret (The Norwegian Radio Orchestra)
2011-09-16 | Oslo (Norway), NRK, Store Studio
Conductor: Silvain Cambreling
Orchestra: Klangforum Wien
2011-08-27 | Weimar (Germany), Weimarhalle — 20.00 h
Conductor: Michael Lewanski
Orchestra: Ensemble Dal Niente
2011-05-28 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Nichols Hall
Conductor: Franck Ollu
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2011-05-24 | Hamburg (Germany), NDR-Sendesaal
Conductor: Theodore Antoniou
Orchestra: Hellenic Group of Contemporary Music
2011-05-12 | Athens (Greece), Megaron, Dimitris Mitropoulos Hall — “In memoriam György Ligeti, An International Master”
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ostravská banda
2011-04-13 | New York, NY (United States of America), Carnegie Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-15 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-12 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 20.00 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-11 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 11.00 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-10 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Paolo Bellomia
Orchestra: Universite de Montreal
2011-02-25 | Montreal, QC (Canada), Salle Pierre-Mercure
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-27 | Grenoble (France), MC2
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-26 | Lyon (France), Auditorium
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-24 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio 400
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-22 | Bourges (France), Maison de la culture
Conductor: Kevin Stalheim
Orchestra: Present Music
2010-09-18 | Milwaukee, WI (United States of America), Turner Hall
Conductor: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestra: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-21 | São Paulo (Brazil), Sala São Paulo
Conductor: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestra: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-19 | São Paulo (Brazil), Auditório Claudio Santoro
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Orquesta de la Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofia
2010-07-10 | Santander (Spain), Palacio de Festivales
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ostravská banda
2010-06-06 | Praha (Czech Republic), Archa Theatre
Conductor: Robin Ticciati
Orchestra: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-24 | Edinburgh (United Kingdom), Queen\'s Hall
Conductor: Robin Ticciati
Orchestra: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-23 | Glasgow (United Kingdom), City Halls
Conductor: Robin Ticciati
Orchestra: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-22 | St Andrews (United Kingdom), Younger Hall
Conductor: Dennis Russell Davies
Orchestra: Münchener Kammerorchester
2010-03-18 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater
Conductor: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestra: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-17 | Trento (Italy), Auditorium
Conductor: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestra: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-16 | Bolzano (Italy), Auditorium
Conductor: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestra: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-07 | København (Denmark), Espergærde Gymnasium
Conductor: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestra: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-06 | København (Denmark), Den Sorte Diamant, Det Kgl. Bibliotek
Conductor: Eric Heubner
2009-09-15 | Buffalo, NY (United States of America), Lippes Concert Hall
2009-08-29 | Hamburg (Germany), Hochschule für Musik und Theater
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ostravská banda
2009-08-29 | Ostrava (Czech Republic), House of Culture
Conductor: Zoltán Rácz
Orchestra: UMZE Chamber Ensemble
2009-05-26 | Budapest (Hungary), Béla Bartók National Concert Hall — 19.30 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2009-05-19 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2009-05-08 | New York, NY (United States of America), Lincoln Center, Alice Tully Hall — 20.00 h
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-09 | Brugge (Belgium), Concertgebouw — 20.00 h - ARS MUSICA 2009 - Hommage à Ligeti
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-01 | Antwerpen (Belgium), deSingel — 20.00 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2008-11-22 | Birmingham (United States of America), CBSO Centre — 18.00 h
Conductor: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestra: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-09 | Jerusalem (Israel), Jerusalem Music Center — 20.00 h
Conductor: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestra: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-08 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art — 20.30 h
Conductor: Dmitri Slobodeniouk
Orchestra: YLE Radion sinfoniaorkesteri
2008-10-15 | Helsinki (Finland), Finlandia-talo — 19.00 h
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: REMIX ensemble
2008-06-28 | Porto (Portugal), Casa da Música, Sala Suggia — 21.00 h
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2008-06-08 | London (United Kingdom), Duke\'s Hall, Royal Academy of Music — 18.30 h
Conductor: Peter Rundel
Orchestra: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-06 | Dortmund (Germany), Konzerthaus — 18.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Conductor: Peter Rundel
Orchestra: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-05 | Freiburg (Germany), Konzerthaus — 20.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Conductor: Stefan Asbury
Orchestra: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-23 | Bruxelles (Belgium), Flagey — 20.15 h
Conductor: Normunds Sne
Orchestra: Sinfonietta Riga
2008-02-22 | Riga (Latvia), Small Guild Hall — 19.00 h
Conductor: Stefan Asbury
Orchestra: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-21 | Gent (Belgium), de Bijloke — 20.00 h
Conductor: Andriy Talpash
Orchestra: Plexoos Ensemble
2008-02-16 | Edmonton, AB (Canada), Convocation Hall
Conductor: Emilio Pomárico
Orchestra: Asko Ensemble
2008-01-30 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw, Kleine Zaal — 20.15 h
Conductor: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestra: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-12 | Münster (Germany), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestra: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-11 | Münster (Germany), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-10 | Hamburg (Germany), Kampnagel K6 — 20.00 Uhr - Ligeti Remixed
Conductor: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestra: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-09 | Münster (Germany), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 18.00 Uhr
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-08 | Berlin (Germany), Radialsystem, Friedrichshain — 21.00 Uhr
Conductor: Denys Bouliane
Orchestra: McGill Contemporary Music Ensemble
2007-12-03 | Montréal, QC (Canada), McGill University, Pollack Hall
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-17 | México (Mexico), Teatro de Bellas Artes — 18.00 h
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-15 | Monterrey (Mexico), Teatro de las Artes Aula Magna
Conductor: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestra: Tokyo Sinfonietta
2007-10-18 | Tokyo (Japan), Toppan Hall
Conductor: Olari Elts
Orchestra: NYYD-Ensemble
2007-10-16 | Tallinn (Estonia), Estonia Concert Hall — 19.00 h
Conductor: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-10-13 | Strasbourg (France), Opéra du Rhin — 20.00 h
Conductor: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestra: Ensemble Risognanze
2007-09-10 | Torino (Italy), Piccolo Regio Giacomo Puccini — 17.00 h
Conductor: Jonathan Nott
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-08-19 | Luzern (Switzerland), Luzerner Saal — 20.30 Uhr - Ligeti-Hommage
Conductor: Douglas Boyd
Orchestra: Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra
2007-06-10 | Ojai, CA (United States of America), Libbey Bowl — 17.30 h
Conductor: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestra: State University of New York
2007-05-03 | Stony Brook, NY (United States of America), Staller Center - Stony Brook University
Conductor: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestra: Atelier XX-21
2007-04-30 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Conductor: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestra: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2007-04-27 | Düsseldorf (Germany), Tonhalle — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2007-04-25 | Madrid (Spain), Circulo de Bellas Artes
Conductor: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-28 | Granada (Spain), Teatro Alhambra
Conductor: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-27 | Sevilla (Spain), Teatro Central
Conductor: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestra: Atelier XX-21
2007-03-14 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2007-03-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Ivor Bolton
Orchestra: Mozarteum Orchester Salzburg
2007-01-28 | Salzburg (Austria), Mozarteum — 19.30 Uhr
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2006-12-15 | Rochester, NY (United States of America), Eastman School of Music
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-10 | New York, NY (United States of America)
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-05 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 19.30 h
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-02 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-01 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 13.30 h
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-11-30 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2006-10-20 | New York, NY (United States of America), the Kitchen
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-09-30 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgeboouw, Grote Zaal — 14.15 h
Conductor: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestra: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-30 | Alicante (Spain), Teatro Principal
Conductor: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestra: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-28 | Alicante (Spain), Teatro Principal
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2006-05-27 | Monmouth (United Kingdom), Wyastone Leys — 19.30 h
Conductor: David Robertson
Orchestra: The Zankel Band
2006-05-18 | New York, NY (United States of America), Carnegie Hall, Zankel Hall
Conductor: Leo Kramer
Orchestra: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-26 | México (Mexico)
Conductor: Leo Kramer
Orchestra: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-25 | México (Mexico)
Conductor: Michael Rafferty
Orchestra: Millenium Ensemble
2006-03-17 | Cardiff (United Kingdom), Temple of Peace
Conductor: Jean Deroyer
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-03-16 | Cherbourg (France), Le Trident — 20.45 h
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-02-24 | Paris (France), Cité de la Musique, Salle des concerts — 20.00 h
2005-11-05 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-11-04 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
Conductor: Patti Monson
Orchestra: Manhattan School of Music Contemporary Ensemble
2005-11-03 | New York, NY (United States of America), John C. Borden Auditorium — 20.00 h
2005-10-29 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve — 14.00 h & 20.00 h
2005-10-27 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-22 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-21 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-20 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve | First Night
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2005-09-26 | Salamanca (Spain), Auditorio del Conservatorio Superior de Música — 21.00 h
Conductor: Jonathan Nott
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2005-05-25 | New York, NY (United States of America), Lincoln Center, Rose Theater — 20.00 h
Conductor: Marc Lowenstein
Orchestra: California Institute of the Arts
2005-03-05 | Valencia, CA (United States of America), Recital Hall
Conductor: Ken Takaseki
Orchestra: Japan Chamber Orchestra
2005-02-23 | Tokyo (Japan), Suntory Hall
Conductor: Victor Yampolsky
Orchestra: Northwestern University
2004-11-18 | Evanston, IL (United States of America)
Conductor: Peter Hirsch
Orchestra: Ensemble Contrechamps
2004-10-12 | Genève (Switzerland), Plainpalais, Salle communale
Conductor: Alan Gilbert
Orchestra: Kungliga Filharmonikerna
2004-05-24 | Stockholm (Sweden), Konserthus — 16.00 Uhr
Conductor: Franck Ollu
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2004-04-02 | München (Germany), Muffathalle
Conductor: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestra: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-16 | Antwerpen (Belgium), deSingel
Conductor: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestra: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-13 | Brugge (Belgium), Concertgebouw
Conductor: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestra: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-12 | Mechelen (Belgium), Oude Mechelse Vleeshalle
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2003-10-17 | London (United Kingdom), Barbican Hall
Conductor: Simon Rattle
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-16 | Birmingham (United Kingdom), Symphony Hall
Conductor: Simon Rattle
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-10 | London (United Kingdom), Barbican Hall
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: Sinfonia 21
2000-09-05 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-06 | Dorset (United Kingdom), Poole Arts Centre
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-05 | Chelmsford (United Kingdom), Civic Centre
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-04 | Cambridge (United Kingdom), Corn Exchange
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-03 | Canterbury (United Kingdom), Shirley Hall, King\'s School
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-02 | Basingstoke (United Kingdom), The Anvil
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-02-29 | London (United Kingdom), Barbican Hall
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
1999-02-27 | Glasgow (United Kingdom), Royal Concert Hall
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
1998-05-18 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall
Conductor: James Wood
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
1997-01-31 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall
Conductor: Jonathan Nott
Orchestra: Asko Ensemble
1993-09-02 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Conductor: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestra: ORF-Symphonieorchester
1988-02-29 | Wien (Austria), Konzerthaus | World Premiere (Revision)
Conductor: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestra: Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker
1986-10-23 | Graz (Austria) | World Premiere
I composed the Piano Concerto in two stages: the first three movements during the years 1985-86, the next two in 1987, the final autograph of the last movement was ready by January, 1988. The concerto is dedicated to the American conductor Mario di Bonaventura. 

The markings of the movements are the following: 

1. Vivace molto ritmico e preciso 
2. Lento e deserto 
3. Vivace cantabile 
4. Allegro risoluto 
5. Presto luminoso.

The first performance of the three-movement Concerto was on October 23rd, 1986 in Graz. Mario di Bonaventura conducted while his brother, Anthony di Bonaventura, was the soloist. Two days later the performance was repeated in the Vienna Konzerthaus. After hearing the work twice, I came to the conclusion that the third movement is not an adequate finale; my feeling of form demanded continuation, a supplement. That led to the composing of the next two movements. The premiere of the whole cycle took place on February 29th, 1988, in the Vienna Konzerthaus with the same conductor and the same pianist. 

The orchestra consisted of the following: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, tenor trombone, percussion and strings. The flautist also plays the piccoIo, the clarinetist, the alto ocarina. The percussion is made up of diverse instruments, which one musician-virtuoso can play. It is more practical, however, if two or three musicians share the instruments. Besides traditional instruments the percussion part calls also for two simple wind instruments: the swanee whistle and the harmonica. The string instrument parts (two violins, viola, cello and doubles bass) can be performed soloistic since they do not contain divisi. For balance, however, the ensemble playing is recommended, for example 6-8 first violins, 6-8 second, 4-6 violas, 4-6 cellos, 3-4 double basses. 

In the Piano Concerto I realized new concepts of harmony and rhythm. 

The first movement is entirely written in bimetry: simultaneously 12/8 and 4/4 (8/8). This relates to the known "triplet on a doule" relation and in itself is nothing new. Because, however, I articulate 12 triola and 8 duola pulses, an entangled, up till now unheard kind of polymetry is created. The rhythm is additionally complicated because of asymmetric groupings inside two speed layers, which means accents are asymmetrically distributed. These groups, as in the talea technique, have a fixed, continuously repeating rhythmic structures of varying lengths in speed layers of 12/8 and 4/4. This means that the repeating pattern in the 12/8 level and the pattern in the 4/4 level do not coincide and continuously give a kaleidoscope of renewing combinations. 

In our perception we quickly resign from following particular rhythmical successions and that what is going on in time appears for us as something static, resting. This music, if it is played properly, in the right tempo and with the right accents inside particular layers, after a certain time “rises", as it were, as a plane after taking off: the rhythmic action, too complex to be able to follow in detail, begins "flying". This diffusion of individual structures into a different global structure is one of my basic compositional concepts: from the end of the fifties, from the orchestral works Apparitions and Atmosphères I continuously have been looking for new ways of resolving this basic question. The harmony of the first movement is based on mixtures, hence on the parallel leading of voices. This technique is used here in a rather simple form; later in the fourth movement it will be considerably developed. 

The second movement (the only slow one amongst five movements) also has a talea type of structure, it is however much simpler rhythmically, because it contains only one speed layer. The melody is consisted in the development of a rigorous interval mode in which two minor seconds and one major second alternate therefore nine notes inside an octave. This mode is transposed into different degrees and it also determines the harmony of the movement; however, in closing episode in the piano part there is a combination of diatonics (white keys) and pentatonics (black keys) led in brilliant, sparkling quasimixtures, while the orchestra continues to play in the nine tone mode. 

In this movement I used isolated sounds and extreme registers (piccolo in a very low register, bassoon in a very high register, canons played by the swanee whistle, the alto ocarina and brass with a "harmon-mute"' damper, "cutting" sound combinations of the piccolo, clarinet and oboe in an extremely high register, also alternating of a whistle-siren and xylophone). The third movement also has one speed layer and because of this it appears as simpler than the first, but actually the rhythm is very complicated in a different way here. Above the uninterrupted, fast and regular basic pulse, thanks to the asymmetric distribution of accents, different types of hemiolas and "inherent melodical patterns" appear (the term was coined by Gerhard Kubik in relation to central African music). If this movement is played with the adequate speed and with very clear accentuation, illusory rhythmic-melodical figures appear. These figures are not played directly; they do not appear in the score, but exist only in our perception as a result of co-operation of different voices. 

Already earlier I had experimented with illusory rhythmics, namely in Poème symphonique for 100 metronomes (1962), in Continuum for harpsichord (1968), in Monument for two pianos (1976), and especially in the first and sixth piano etude Désordre and Automne à Varsovie (1985). 

The third movement of the Piano Concerto is up to now the clearest example of illusory rhythmics and illusory melody. In intervallic and chordal structure this movement is based on alternation, and also inter-relation of various modal and quasi-equidistant harmony spaces. The tempered twelve-part division of the octave allows for diatonical and other modal interval successions, which are not equidistant, but are based on the alternation of major and minor seconds in different groups. The tempered system also allows for the use of the anhemitonic pentatonic scale (the black keys of the piano). From equidistant scales, therefore interval formations which are based on the division of an octave in equal distances, the twelve-tone tempered system allows only chromatics (only minor seconds) and the six-tone scale (the whole-tone: only major seconds). 

Moreover, the division of the octave into four parts only minor thirds) and three parts (three major thirds) is possible. In several music cultures different equidistant divisions of an octave are accepted, for example, in the Javanese slendro into five parts, in Melanesia into seven parts, popular also in south­eastern Asia, and apart from this, in southern Africa. This does not mean an exact equidistance: there is a certain tolerance for the inaccurateness of the interval tuning. 

These exotic for us, Europeans, harmony and melody have attracted me for several years. However I did not want to re-tune the piano (microtone deviations appear in the concerto only in a few places in the horn and trombone parts led in natural tones). After the period of experimenting, I got to pseudo- or quasi­equidistant intervals, which is neither whole-tone nor chromatic: in the twelve-tone system, two whole-tone scales are possible, shifted a minor second apart from each other. Therefore, I connect these two scales (or sound resources), and for example, places occur where the melodies and figurations in the piano part are created from both whole tone scales; in one band one six-tone sound resource is utilized, and in the other hand, the complementary. In this way whole-tonality and chromaticism mutually reduce themselves: a type of deformed equidistancism is formed, strangely brilliant and at the same time "slanting"; illusory harmony, indeed being created inside the tempered twelve-tone system, but in sound quality not belonging to it anymore. 

The appearance of such "slanted­equidistant harmony fields" alternating with modal fields and based on chords built on fifths (mainly in the piano part), complemented with mixtures built on fifths in the orchestra, gives this movement an individual, soft-metallic colour (a metallic sound resulting from harmonics). 

The fourth movement was meant to be the central movement of the Concerto. Its melodc-rhythmic elements (embryos or fragments of motives) in themselves are simple. The movement also begins simply, with a succession of overlapping of these elements in the mixture type structures. Also here a kaleidoscope is created, due to a limited number of these elements - of these pebbles in the kaleidoscope - which continuously return in augmentations and diminutions. 

Step by step, however, so that in the beginning we cannot hear it, a compiled rhythmic organization of the talea type gradually comes into daylight, based on the simultaneity of two mutually shifted to each other speed layers (also triplet and duoles, however, with different asymmetric structures than in the first movement). While longer rests are gradually filled in with motive fragments, we slowly come to the conclusion that we have found ourselves inside a rhythmic-melodical whirl: without change in tempo, only through increasing the density of the musical events, a rotation is created in the stream of successive and compiled, augmented and diminished motive fragments, and increasing the density suggests acceleration. 

Thanks to the periodical structure of the composition, "always new but however of the same" (all the motivic cells are similar to earlier ones but none of them are exactly repeated; the general structure is therefore self-similar), an impression is created of a gigantic, indissoluble network. Also, rhythmic structures at first hidden gradually begin to emerge, two independent speed layers with their various internal accentuations. 

This great, self-similar whirl in a very indirect way relates to musical associations, which came to my mind while watching the graphic projection of the mathematical sets of Julia and of Mandelbrot made with the help of a computer. I saw these wonderful pictures of fractal creations, made by scientists from Brema, Peitgen and Richter, for the first time in 1984. From that time they have played a great role in my musical concepts. This does not mean, however, that composing the fourth movement I used mathematical methods or iterative calculus; indeed, I did use constructions which, however, are not based on mathematical thinking, but are rather "craftman’s" constructions (in this respect, my attitude towards mathematics is similar to that of the graphic artist Maurits Escher). I am concerned rather with intuitional, poetic, synesthetic correspondence, not on the scientific, but on the poetic level of thinking. 

The fifth, very short Presto movement is harmonically very simple, but all the more complicated in its rhythmic structure: it is based on the further development of ''inherent patterns" of the third movement. The quasi-equidistance system dominates harmonically and melodically in this movement, as in the third, alternating with harmonic fields, which are based on the division of the chromatic whole into diatonics and anhemitonic pentatonics. Polyrhythms and harmonic mixtures reach their greatest density, and at the same time this movement is strikingly light, enlightened with very bright colours: at first it seems chaotic, but after listening to it for a few times it is easy to grasp its content: many autonomous but self-similar figures which crossing themselves. 

I present my artistic credo in the Piano Concerto: I demonstrate my independence from criteria of the traditional avantgarde, as well as the fashionable postmodernism. Musical illusions which I consider to be also so important are not a goal in itself for me, but a foundation for my aesthetical attitude. I prefer musical forms which have a more object-like than processual character. Music as "frozen" time, as an object in imaginary space evoked by music in our imagination, as a creation which really develops in time, but in imagination it exists simultaneously in all its moments. The spell of time, the enduring its passing by, closing it in a moment of the present is my main intention as a composer. György Ligeti
Content text: I Vivace molto ritmico e preciso
II Lento e deserto
III Vivace cantabile
IV Allegro risoluto, molto ritmico
V Presto luminoso
Performance duration: 24'0"
Publisher: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 23. Oktober 1986 Graz (A) Steirischer Herbst 1986 · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker (Uraufführung 1.-3. Satz)

29. Februar 1988 Wien, Konzerthaus (A) · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · ORF-Symphonieorchester (Uraufführung 4. und 5. Satz)
Year of composition: 1985-1988
instrumentation: 1 (auch Picc.) · 1 · 1 (auch Alt-Okarina in G) · 1 - 1 · 1 · 1 · 0 - S. (Glsp. · Xyl. · Trgl. · 2 Crot. · 2 hg. Beck., kl. u. normal groß · Schellentr. · kl. Tr. · 3 Rototoms · 4 Tomt. · gr. Tr. · 4 Woodbl. · 5 Tempelbl. · Guero · Kast. · Peitsche · Sirenenpf. · Trillerpf. · Lotosfl. · Flex. · Chromonica in C 270 [Hohner]) (1-2 Spieler) - Str. (8 · 7 · 6 · 5 · 4; auch solist. Streicherbesetzung [1 · 1 · 1 · 1 · 1] möglich)
Conductor: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestra: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-10-02 | Lublin (Poland), Ośrodek Międzykulturowych Inicjatyw Twórczych „Rozdroża”
Conductor: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestra: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-09-30 | Wrocław (Poland), Akademia Muzyczna im. Karola Lipińskiego
Conductor: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestra: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-09-28 | Warzawa (Poland), Polskie Radio
Conductor: Dirk Kaftan
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2018-09-20 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Mozart Saal — 20:00
Conductor: David Robertson
Orchestra: Chamber Orchestra of Europe
2018-06-09 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater — 19:00
Conductor: Ben Bolter
Orchestra: Contemporary Music Ensemble and Bienen Contemporary
2018-05-17 | Evanston, IL (United States of America), Norhwestern University Galvin Recital Hall
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: David Dzubay
Orchestra: New Music Ensemble
2018-04-19 | Bloomington, IN (United States of America), Auer Hall
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2018-04-05 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Muziekgebouw aan ’t IJ — 20:15
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2018-03-16 | New York, NY (United States of America), Carnegie Hall, Zankel Hall
Conductor: Jerry Hou
Orchestra: Students of the Shepherd School of Music
2018-03-06 | Houston, TX (United States of America), Duncan Recital Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Jerry Hou
2018-03-06 | Houston, TX (United States of America), Duncan Recital Hall, Rice University
Conductor: David Gompper
Orchestra: University of Iowa
2018-02-25 | Iowa City, IA (United States of America), Concert Hall
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-28 | Frankfurt (Germany), Alte Oper — 19:30
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-24 | Hamburg (Germany), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-23 | Hamburg (Germany), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Conductor: Hartmut Keil
Orchestra: Ensemble Arc-en-Ciel
2018-01-19 | Zürich (Switzerland), Toni-Areal — 19:30
Conductor: Ulrich Pöhl
Orchestra: Insomnio
2018-01-18 | Utrecht (Netherlands), TivoliVredenburg — 20:15
Orchestra: UMZE Chamber Ensemble
2017-12-16 | Budapest (Hungary)
Conductor: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestra: Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra
2017-08-26 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
Conductor: John Storgårds
Orchestra: Münchener Kammerorchester
2017-06-22 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater — 20:00
Conductor: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestra: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-20 | Cleveland, OH (United States of America), Severance Hall
Conductor: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestra: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-19 | Cleveland, OH (United States of America), Severance Hall
Conductor: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestra: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-18 | Cleveland, OH (United States of America), Severance Hall
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2017-05-05 | London (United Kingdom), Kings Place — 19:30
Conductor: Jean Deroyer
Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte Carlo
2017-03-25 | Monte Carlo (Monaco), Auditorium Rainier III
Conductor: Tito Munoz
Orchestra: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-12 | Prescott, AZ (United States of America), Yavapai Center for the Arts
Conductor: Tito Munoz
Orchestra: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-11 | Phoenix, AZ (United States of America), Symphony Hall
Conductor: Tito Munoz
Orchestra: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-10 | Phoenix, AZ (United States of America), Symphony Hall
Conductor: Courtney Lewis
Orchestra: Jacksonville Symphony
2017-03-04 | Jacksonville, FL (United States of America), Jacoby Symphony Hall
Conductor: Courtney Lewis
Orchestra: Jacksonville Symphony
2017-03-03 | Jacksonville, FL (United States of America), Jacoby Symphony Hall
Conductor: Aleck Karis
Orchestra: Palimpsest Ensemble
2017-03-01 | La Jolla, CA (United States of America), Conrad Prebys Concert Hall
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-02-24 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio Nacional Madrid — 22:30
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-02-19 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Conductor: David Claudio
Orchestra: NYKY Ensemble
2017-02-11 | Helsinki (Finland), Music Centre — 17:30
Orchestra: Ensemble Mise-En, Inc.
2017-01-21 | Sarasota. FL (United States of America), New Music New College
Conductor: Trond Madsen
Orchestra: Trondheim Symfoniorkester
2016-11-11 | Trondheim (Norway), Dokkhuset Scene — 20:00
Conductor: Berislav Sipus
Orchestra: Cantus Ensemble
2016-10-22 | Zagreb (Croatia)
Conductor: Alan Gilbert
Orchestra: Ensemble of the LUCERNE FESTIVAL ALUMNI
2016-06-03 | New York, NY (United States of America), The Metropolitan Museum of Arts
Conductor: László Tihanyi
Orchestra: Geidai Philharmonia
2016-06-03 | Tokyo (Japan), Sogakudo
Conductor: David Felberg
Orchestra: Chamber Orchestra TBA
2016-05-15 | Albuquerque, NM (United States of America), Las Puertas — 10:30
Conductor: Ludovic Morlot
Orchestra: Geneva Camerata
2016-03-19 | Genève (Switzerland), Alhambra — 20:00
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2016-02-19 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2016-02-13 | Columbia, MO (United States of America), The Missouri Theatre
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2016-02-12 | St. Louis, MO (United States of America), Sheldon Concert Hall
Conductor: Sandro Gorli
Orchestra: Divertimento Ensemble
2015-09-17 | Milano (Italy), Teatro Litta — 20:30
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: International Contemporary Ensemble
2015-08-16 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall
Conductor: Matthias Foremny
Orchestra: Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
2015-07-18 | Stuttgart (Germany), Theaterhaus T1 — 20:00
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-27 | New York, NY (United States of America), Whitney Museum of American Art
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-26 | New York, NY (United States of America), Whitney Museum of American Art
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2015-06-25 | Snape (United Kingdom), Britten Studio — 19:30
Conductor: Jonathan Stockhammer
Orchestra: Collegium Novum Zürich
2015-05-04 | Zürich (Switzerland), Tonhalle, kleiner Saal
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2015-04-20 | Zagreb (Croatia), Koncertna dvorana Vatroslava Lisinskog — 19:30
Conductor: Clement Power
Orchestra: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-04-19 | Köln (Germany), WDR Funkhaus am Wallrafplatz
Conductor: Jürg Henneberger
Orchestra: Ensemble Diagonal
2015-03-27 | Basel (Switzerland), Musik-Akademie — 20:15
Conductor: Peter Rundel
Orchestra: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-02-07 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw — 14:00
Conductor: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestra: Izumi Sinfonietta Osaka
2015-01-24 | Osaka (Japan), Izumi Hall
Conductor: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2015-01-16 | Paris (France), Philharmonie — 20:30
Conductor: Beat Furrer
Orchestra: Klangforum Wien
2014-11-25 | Wien (Austria), Konzerthaus, Mozart-Saal
Conductor: Alex Jimenez
Orchestra: Florida State University
2014-11-08 | Tallahassee, FL (United States of America), Florida State University
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2014-10-04 | Birmingham (United Kingdom), CBSO Centre
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: Sinfóníuhljómsveit Íslands (Iceland Symphony Orchestra)
2014-06-05 | Harpa (Iceland), Concert Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Jeffery Kahane
Orchestra: Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
2014-05-18 | Los Angeles, CA (United States of America), Royce Hall
Conductor: Jeffery Kahane
Orchestra: Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
2014-05-17 | Glendale, CA (United States of America), Alex Theater
Conductor: Steven Loy
Orchestra: Slovenska filharmonija (Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra)
2014-04-15 | Ljubljana (Slovenia), Dvorana Marjana Kozine
Conductor: Tania Miller
Orchestra: Victoria Symphony
2014-03-29 | Victoria (Canada), Alix Goolden Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Stephen Taylor
Orchestra: University of Illinois
2014-03-19 | Urbana, IL (United States of America), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Conductor: Stephen Taylor
Orchestra: University of Illinois
2014-03-18 | Urbana, IL (United States of America), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Conductor: Pablo Heras-Casado
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2014-02-22 | Bordeaux (France), Auditorium, salle Dutilleux — 20:00
Conductor: Alfredo Perl
Orchestra: Detmolder Kammerorchester
2014-02-04 | Detmold (Germany), Konzerthaus der Hochschule für Musik — 19:30
Conductor: Oliver Hagen
Orchestra: Ensemble LPR
2014-01-24 | New York, NY (United States of America), Le Poisson Rouge
Conductor: Konstantia Gourzi
Orchestra: ensemble oktopus für musik der moderne
2013-12-02 | München (Germany), Reaktorhalle — 20:00
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2013-11-14 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Muziekgebouw — 15:00
Conductor: Alexander Jimenez
Orchestra: Florida State University
2013-10-11 | Tallahassee, FL (United States of America), Ruby Diamond Concert Hall
Conductor: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestra: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2013-09-29 | Düsseldorf (Germany), Tonhalle — 18:00
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ensemble Ostravská banda
2013-05-31 | Praha (Czech Republic), Archa Theatre
Conductor: Jonathan Kaell
Orchestra: Ensemble Grenzpunkt
2013-05-29 | Saarbrücken (Germany), Hochschule für Musik
Conductor: Scott Dunn
Orchestra: Jacaranda Chamber Ensemble
2013-01-12 | Santa Monica, CA (United States of America), First Presbyterian Church
Conductor: Joana Carneiro
Orchestra: Berkeley Symphony Orchestra
2012-12-06 | Berkeley, CA (United States of America), Zellerbach Hall
Conductor: Baldur Brönnimann
Orchestra: Klangforum Wien
2012-11-28 | Buenos Aires (Argentine), Teatro Colon
Conductor: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestra: Philharmonic Orchestra of the Kunitachi College of Music
2012-11-10 | Tokyo (Japan), Kunitachi College of Music
Conductor: Jean Deroyer
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2012-11-03 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper — 20.00 h, 2. Abonnementkonzert
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-21 | Köln (Germany), Philharmonie — 20.00 h
Conductor: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestra: Israel Symphony Orchestra
2012-10-20 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: BIT20 Ensemble
2012-10-18 | Bergen (Norway), Grieghallen
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Germany), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Germany), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-17 | Bruxelles (Belgium), Palais des Beaux-Arts — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-16 | Hamburg (Germany), Laeiszhalle — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre Laurent Aimard
Orchestra: Länsmusiken i Örebro län AB
2012-09-20 | Örebro (Sweden), Konserthus — 19.00 h
Conductor: Philipp Chizhevsky
Orchestra: Chamber Orchestra of Moscow Conservatory
2012-06-09 | Moscow (Russia), Conservatory
Conductor: Evan Christ
Orchestra: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-13 | Cottbus (Germany), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 19.00 h
Conductor: Evan Christ
Orchestra: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-11 | Cottbus (Germany), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 20.00 h
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest
2012-04-13 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw
Conductor: Scott Dunn
Orchestra: Mimesis Ensemble
2012-04-02 | New York, NY (United States of America), Zankel Hall at Carnegie Hall
Conductor: Nikoloz Rachveli
Orchestra: Georgian State Philharmonic Orchestra
2012-03-30 | Tbilisi (Georgia), Mikeladze Center, Concert Hall
Conductor: Ken Takaseki
Orchestra: Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra
2012-01-17 | Tokyo (Japan), Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2011-10-13 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Eastman School of Music Musica Nova
2011-10-05 | Rochester, NY (United States of America), Kilbourn Hall, Eastman School of Music
Conductor: Pascal Rophé
Orchestra: Kringkastingsorkestret (The Norwegian Radio Orchestra)
2011-09-16 | Oslo (Norway), NRK, Store Studio
Conductor: Silvain Cambreling
Orchestra: Klangforum Wien
2011-08-27 | Weimar (Germany), Weimarhalle — 20.00 h
Conductor: Michael Lewanski
Orchestra: Ensemble Dal Niente
2011-05-28 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Nichols Hall
Conductor: Franck Ollu
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2011-05-24 | Hamburg (Germany), NDR-Sendesaal
Conductor: Theodore Antoniou
Orchestra: Hellenic Group of Contemporary Music
2011-05-12 | Athens (Greece), Megaron, Dimitris Mitropoulos Hall — “In memoriam György Ligeti, An International Master”
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ostravská banda
2011-04-13 | New York, NY (United States of America), Carnegie Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-15 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-12 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 20.00 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-11 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 11.00 h
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-10 | New York, NY (United States of America), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Paolo Bellomia
Orchestra: Universite de Montreal
2011-02-25 | Montreal, QC (Canada), Salle Pierre-Mercure
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-27 | Grenoble (France), MC2
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-26 | Lyon (France), Auditorium
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-24 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio 400
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-22 | Bourges (France), Maison de la culture
Conductor: Kevin Stalheim
Orchestra: Present Music
2010-09-18 | Milwaukee, WI (United States of America), Turner Hall
Conductor: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestra: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-21 | São Paulo (Brazil), Sala São Paulo
Conductor: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestra: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-19 | São Paulo (Brazil), Auditório Claudio Santoro
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Orquesta de la Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofia
2010-07-10 | Santander (Spain), Palacio de Festivales
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ostravská banda
2010-06-06 | Praha (Czech Republic), Archa Theatre
Conductor: Robin Ticciati
Orchestra: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-24 | Edinburgh (United Kingdom), Queen\'s Hall
Conductor: Robin Ticciati
Orchestra: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-23 | Glasgow (United Kingdom), City Halls
Conductor: Robin Ticciati
Orchestra: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-22 | St Andrews (United Kingdom), Younger Hall
Conductor: Dennis Russell Davies
Orchestra: Münchener Kammerorchester
2010-03-18 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater
Conductor: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestra: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-17 | Trento (Italy), Auditorium
Conductor: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestra: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-16 | Bolzano (Italy), Auditorium
Conductor: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestra: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-07 | København (Denmark), Espergærde Gymnasium
Conductor: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestra: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-06 | København (Denmark), Den Sorte Diamant, Det Kgl. Bibliotek
Conductor: Eric Heubner
2009-09-15 | Buffalo, NY (United States of America), Lippes Concert Hall
2009-08-29 | Hamburg (Germany), Hochschule für Musik und Theater
Conductor: Petr Kotík
Orchestra: Ostravská banda
2009-08-29 | Ostrava (Czech Republic), House of Culture
Conductor: Zoltán Rácz
Orchestra: UMZE Chamber Ensemble
2009-05-26 | Budapest (Hungary), Béla Bartók National Concert Hall — 19.30 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2009-05-19 | Madrid (Spain), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2009-05-08 | New York, NY (United States of America), Lincoln Center, Alice Tully Hall — 20.00 h
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-09 | Brugge (Belgium), Concertgebouw — 20.00 h - ARS MUSICA 2009 - Hommage à Ligeti
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-01 | Antwerpen (Belgium), deSingel — 20.00 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2008-11-22 | Birmingham (United States of America), CBSO Centre — 18.00 h
Conductor: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestra: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-09 | Jerusalem (Israel), Jerusalem Music Center — 20.00 h
Conductor: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestra: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-08 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art — 20.30 h
Conductor: Dmitri Slobodeniouk
Orchestra: YLE Radion sinfoniaorkesteri
2008-10-15 | Helsinki (Finland), Finlandia-talo — 19.00 h
Conductor: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestra: REMIX ensemble
2008-06-28 | Porto (Portugal), Casa da Música, Sala Suggia — 21.00 h
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2008-06-08 | London (United Kingdom), Duke\'s Hall, Royal Academy of Music — 18.30 h
Conductor: Peter Rundel
Orchestra: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-06 | Dortmund (Germany), Konzerthaus — 18.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Conductor: Peter Rundel
Orchestra: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-05 | Freiburg (Germany), Konzerthaus — 20.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Conductor: Stefan Asbury
Orchestra: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-23 | Bruxelles (Belgium), Flagey — 20.15 h
Conductor: Normunds Sne
Orchestra: Sinfonietta Riga
2008-02-22 | Riga (Latvia), Small Guild Hall — 19.00 h
Conductor: Stefan Asbury
Orchestra: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-21 | Gent (Belgium), de Bijloke — 20.00 h
Conductor: Andriy Talpash
Orchestra: Plexoos Ensemble
2008-02-16 | Edmonton, AB (Canada), Convocation Hall
Conductor: Emilio Pomárico
Orchestra: Asko Ensemble
2008-01-30 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw, Kleine Zaal — 20.15 h
Conductor: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestra: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-12 | Münster (Germany), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestra: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-11 | Münster (Germany), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-10 | Hamburg (Germany), Kampnagel K6 — 20.00 Uhr - Ligeti Remixed
Conductor: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestra: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-09 | Münster (Germany), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 18.00 Uhr
Conductor: Etienne Siebens
Orchestra: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-08 | Berlin (Germany), Radialsystem, Friedrichshain — 21.00 Uhr
Conductor: Denys Bouliane
Orchestra: McGill Contemporary Music Ensemble
2007-12-03 | Montréal, QC (Canada), McGill University, Pollack Hall
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-17 | México (Mexico), Teatro de Bellas Artes — 18.00 h
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-15 | Monterrey (Mexico), Teatro de las Artes Aula Magna
Conductor: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestra: Tokyo Sinfonietta
2007-10-18 | Tokyo (Japan), Toppan Hall
Conductor: Olari Elts
Orchestra: NYYD-Ensemble
2007-10-16 | Tallinn (Estonia), Estonia Concert Hall — 19.00 h
Conductor: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-10-13 | Strasbourg (France), Opéra du Rhin — 20.00 h
Conductor: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestra: Ensemble Risognanze
2007-09-10 | Torino (Italy), Piccolo Regio Giacomo Puccini — 17.00 h
Conductor: Jonathan Nott
Orchestra: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-08-19 | Luzern (Switzerland), Luzerner Saal — 20.30 Uhr - Ligeti-Hommage
Conductor: Douglas Boyd
Orchestra: Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra
2007-06-10 | Ojai, CA (United States of America), Libbey Bowl — 17.30 h
Conductor: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestra: State University of New York
2007-05-03 | Stony Brook, NY (United States of America), Staller Center - Stony Brook University
Conductor: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestra: Atelier XX-21
2007-04-30 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Conductor: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestra: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2007-04-27 | Düsseldorf (Germany), Tonhalle — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2007-04-25 | Madrid (Spain), Circulo de Bellas Artes
Conductor: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-28 | Granada (Spain), Teatro Alhambra
Conductor: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-27 | Sevilla (Spain), Teatro Central
Conductor: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestra: Atelier XX-21
2007-03-14 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2007-03-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19.30 h
Conductor: Ivor Bolton
Orchestra: Mozarteum Orchester Salzburg
2007-01-28 | Salzburg (Austria), Mozarteum — 19.30 Uhr
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2006-12-15 | Rochester, NY (United States of America), Eastman School of Music
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-10 | New York, NY (United States of America)
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-05 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 19.30 h
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-02 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-01 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 13.30 h
Conductor: Pierre Boulez
Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-11-30 | Chicago, IL (United States of America), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Conductor: Alan Pierson
Orchestra: Alarm Will Sound
2006-10-20 | New York, NY (United States of America), the Kitchen
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-09-30 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgeboouw, Grote Zaal — 14.15 h
Conductor: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestra: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-30 | Alicante (Spain), Teatro Principal
Conductor: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestra: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-28 | Alicante (Spain), Teatro Principal
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2006-05-27 | Monmouth (United Kingdom), Wyastone Leys — 19.30 h
Conductor: David Robertson
Orchestra: The Zankel Band
2006-05-18 | New York, NY (United States of America), Carnegie Hall, Zankel Hall
Conductor: Leo Kramer
Orchestra: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-26 | México (Mexico)
Conductor: Leo Kramer
Orchestra: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-25 | México (Mexico)
Conductor: Michael Rafferty
Orchestra: Millenium Ensemble
2006-03-17 | Cardiff (United Kingdom), Temple of Peace
Conductor: Jean Deroyer
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-03-16 | Cherbourg (France), Le Trident — 20.45 h
Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-02-24 | Paris (France), Cité de la Musique, Salle des concerts — 20.00 h
2005-11-05 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-11-04 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
Conductor: Patti Monson
Orchestra: Manhattan School of Music Contemporary Ensemble
2005-11-03 | New York, NY (United States of America), John C. Borden Auditorium — 20.00 h
2005-10-29 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve — 14.00 h & 20.00 h
2005-10-27 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-22 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-21 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-20 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve | First Night
Conductor: Fabián Panisello
Orchestra: Plural Ensemble
2005-09-26 | Salamanca (Spain), Auditorio del Conservatorio Superior de Música — 21.00 h
Conductor: Jonathan Nott
Orchestra: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2005-05-25 | New York, NY (United States of America), Lincoln Center, Rose Theater — 20.00 h
Conductor: Marc Lowenstein
Orchestra: California Institute of the Arts
2005-03-05 | Valencia, CA (United States of America), Recital Hall
Conductor: Ken Takaseki
Orchestra: Japan Chamber Orchestra
2005-02-23 | Tokyo (Japan), Suntory Hall
Conductor: Victor Yampolsky
Orchestra: Northwestern University
2004-11-18 | Evanston, IL (United States of America)
Conductor: Peter Hirsch
Orchestra: Ensemble Contrechamps
2004-10-12 | Genève (Switzerland), Plainpalais, Salle communale
Conductor: Alan Gilbert
Orchestra: Kungliga Filharmonikerna
2004-05-24 | Stockholm (Sweden), Konserthus — 16.00 Uhr
Conductor: Franck Ollu
Orchestra: Ensemble Modern
2004-04-02 | München (Germany), Muffathalle
Conductor: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestra: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-16 | Antwerpen (Belgium), deSingel
Conductor: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestra: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-13 | Brugge (Belgium), Concertgebouw
Conductor: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestra: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-12 | Mechelen (Belgium), Oude Mechelse Vleeshalle
Conductor: George Benjamin
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
2003-10-17 | London (United Kingdom), Barbican Hall
Conductor: Simon Rattle
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-16 | Birmingham (United Kingdom), Symphony Hall
Conductor: Simon Rattle
Orchestra: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-10 | London (United Kingdom), Barbican Hall
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: Sinfonia 21
2000-09-05 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-06 | Dorset (United Kingdom), Poole Arts Centre
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-05 | Chelmsford (United Kingdom), Civic Centre
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-04 | Cambridge (United Kingdom), Corn Exchange
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-03 | Canterbury (United Kingdom), Shirley Hall, King\'s School
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-02 | Basingstoke (United Kingdom), The Anvil
Conductor: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestra: Britten Sinfonia
2000-02-29 | London (United Kingdom), Barbican Hall
Conductor: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestra: BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
1999-02-27 | Glasgow (United Kingdom), Royal Concert Hall
Conductor: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
1998-05-18 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall
Conductor: James Wood
Orchestra: London Sinfonietta
1997-01-31 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall
Conductor: Jonathan Nott
Orchestra: Asko Ensemble
1993-09-02 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Conductor: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestra: ORF-Symphonieorchester
1988-02-29 | Wien (Austria), Konzerthaus | World Premiere (Revision)
Conductor: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestra: Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker
1986-10-23 | Graz (Austria) | World Premiere
Other Editions