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Dies Irae

Dies Irae

Oratorium ob memoriam in perniciei castris in Oswiecim necatorum inexstinguibilem reddendam

(Oratorium zum Gedächtnis der Opfer von Auschwitz)

für Sopran, Tenor, Bass, gemischten Chor (SATB) und Orchester


  • Instrumentation: soprano, tenor, bass, mixed choir and orchestra
  • Edition: performance material
  • Language: Latin

 
Description
Krzysztof Penderecki composed Dies Irae for the international inauguration ceremony of the memorial to the murdered victims in Auschwitz- Birkenau on 16 April 1967. He chose Bible texts, quotations from the ‘Eumenides’ by Aischylos as well as contemporary Polish and French poems which he had translated into Latin (except for the Greek quotations) to provide them with timeless validity.

With regard to the music, the three-part work is structured like a large crescendo-decrescendo. It gradually builds up from the first soft melismas of the choir basses in the introductory ‘Lamentatio’ to tremendous outbursts in the ‘Apocalypsis’ and finishes with the triple pianissimo of the double basses in the third part ‘Apotheosis’.
Details
Content text: I Lamentatio "Circumdederunt me funes mortis..." (Psalm 114)
II Apocalypsis "...et laquei inferorum supervenerunt mihi." (Psalm 114)
III Apotheosis "Absorpta est mors in victoria." (1. Korinther 15)
Performance duration: 22'0"
Publisher: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 16. April 1967 Oświęcim (Auschwitz) (PL) · Delfina Ambroziak, soprano; Wieslaw Ochmann, tenor; Bernard Ładysz, bass · Dirigent: Krzysztof Missona · Filharmonia im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Krakowie (Cracow Philharmonic) · Chór mieszany Filharmonii im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Krakowie (Cracow Philharmonic Choir)
Year of composition: 1967
instrumentation: 4 · 3 · 3 · 4 - 6 · 4 · 4 · 2 - 6 P. S. (Gl. · 2 Gongs · jav. Gong · 6 Beck. · 2 Tamt. · 2 Bong. · 2 Mil. Tr. · kl. Tr. · gr. Tr. · Ratsche · Guiro · Peitsche · Metallbl. · Stahlpl. · Ketten · Sir.) (8 Spieler) - Harm. · Klav. - Str. (0 · 0 · 0 · 10 · 8)
Performances
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Orquesta Sinfónica de la Juventud Venezolana Simón Bolívar
2011-11-27 | Caracas (Venezuela), Social Action Center for Music
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Orquesta Sinfónica de la Juventud Venezolana Simón Bolívar
2011-11-26 | Caracas (Venezuela), Social Action Center for Music
Conductor: Krzysztof Missona
Orchestra: Filharmonia im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Krakowie (Cracow Philharmonic)
1967-04-16 | Oświęcim (Auschwitz) (Poland) | World Premiere
Audio Stream
Krzysztof Penderecki composed Dies Irae for the international inauguration ceremony of the memorial to the murdered victims in Auschwitz- Birkenau on 16 April 1967. He chose Bible texts, quotations from the ‘Eumenides’ by Aischylos as well as contemporary Polish and French poems which he had translated into Latin (except for the Greek quotations) to provide them with timeless validity.

With regard to the music, the three-part work is structured like a large crescendo-decrescendo. It gradually builds up from the first soft melismas of the choir basses in the introductory ‘Lamentatio’ to tremendous outbursts in the ‘Apocalypsis’ and finishes with the triple pianissimo of the double basses in the third part ‘Apotheosis’.
Content text: I Lamentatio "Circumdederunt me funes mortis..." (Psalm 114)
II Apocalypsis "...et laquei inferorum supervenerunt mihi." (Psalm 114)
III Apotheosis "Absorpta est mors in victoria." (1. Korinther 15)
Performance duration: 22'0"
Publisher: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 16. April 1967 Oświęcim (Auschwitz) (PL) · Delfina Ambroziak, soprano; Wieslaw Ochmann, tenor; Bernard Ładysz, bass · Dirigent: Krzysztof Missona · Filharmonia im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Krakowie (Cracow Philharmonic) · Chór mieszany Filharmonii im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Krakowie (Cracow Philharmonic Choir)
Year of composition: 1967
instrumentation: 4 · 3 · 3 · 4 - 6 · 4 · 4 · 2 - 6 P. S. (Gl. · 2 Gongs · jav. Gong · 6 Beck. · 2 Tamt. · 2 Bong. · 2 Mil. Tr. · kl. Tr. · gr. Tr. · Ratsche · Guiro · Peitsche · Metallbl. · Stahlpl. · Ketten · Sir.) (8 Spieler) - Harm. · Klav. - Str. (0 · 0 · 0 · 10 · 8)
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Orquesta Sinfónica de la Juventud Venezolana Simón Bolívar
2011-11-27 | Caracas (Venezuela), Social Action Center for Music
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Orquesta Sinfónica de la Juventud Venezolana Simón Bolívar
2011-11-26 | Caracas (Venezuela), Social Action Center for Music
Conductor: Krzysztof Missona
Orchestra: Filharmonia im. Karola Szymanowskiego w Krakowie (Cracow Philharmonic)
1967-04-16 | Oświęcim (Auschwitz) (Poland) | World Premiere
Other Editions