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Krzysztof  Penderecki

Born: November 23rd, 1933
Country of origin: Poland
Upcoming :
Conductor: Oleg Caetani
Orchestra: Taipei Philharmonic Orchestra
2017-04-28 | Taipei (Taiwan), National Concert Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Kimbo Ishii
Orchestra: Thessaloniki State Symphony Orchestra
2017-04-28 | Thessaloniki (Greece), Concert Hall — 21:00

I have spent decades searching for and discovering new sounds. At the same time, I have closely studied the forms, styles and harmonies of past eras. I have continued to adhere to both principles … my current creative output is a synthesis. (Krzysztof Penderecki)

Krzysztof Penderecki was born on 23 November 1933 in Dębica (Poland). He received violin and piano tuition at a very early age and entered the Conservatoire in Krakow when he was 18. From 1954, he studied composition with Artur Malewski and Stanislas Wiechowicz at the Krakow Academy of Music where he was subsequently appointed as professor in 1958. One year later, Penderecki won all three available prizes at the II Warsaw Competition for Young Composers. With the first performance of Anaklasis for 42 string instruments at the Donaueschingen Festival in 1960, he became part of the international avant-garde. Penderecki gained a reputation with a wider public with the premiere of the St Luke Passion in Münster Cathedral in 1966. The Polish composer taught at the Folkwang Hochschule in Essen from 1966 to 1968. His first opera The Devils of Loudon based on a book by Aldous Huxley received its premiere at the Hamburg State Opera House in 1969. In 1972, Penderecki was appointed as rector of the State Academy of Music in Krakow and also taught at Yale University in the USA from 1973 to 1978. Penderecki gained an international reputation as the conductor of both his own compositions and other works.

Penderecki composed several of his works in remembrance of catastrophes in the 20th century. Threnos for 52 string instruments, composed in 1960, is dedicated to the victims of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima and the piano concerto Resurrection was composed as a reaction to the terror attacks of 11 September 2001. For Penderecki, these associations in content are not merely an abstract concept, but also in their instrumental tonal colouring and dramatic sounds emotionally comprehensible for listeners. Extensive political-social associations can also be found in the Polish Requiem which he began in 1980 with the composition of the Lacrimosa which is dedicated to Lech Walesa. The composer dedicated other movements of this work to the Polish victims of Auschwitz and the Warsaw uprising in 1944. This was supplemented by the Ciaccona in memoriam Johannes Paul II in 2005 which commemorated the Polish Pope.

Numerous compositions from a variety of genres originated from direct cooperation with outstanding soloists including Anne-Sophie Mutter (2nd violin concerto Metamorphosen, among others), Mstislav Rostropovitch (Concerto per violoncello ed orchestra no. 2) and Boris Pergamenschikow (Concerto grosso). The composer’s interest was focused on large-scale musical forms, in particular the symphony. Penderecki’s 7th symphony Seven Gates of Jerusalem received its first performance in 1997 demands the forces of five vocal soloists, narrator, three choirs and large orchestra. This work with a duration of just over an hour was composed under the title within the context of the 3000-year anniversary of the city. The Old Testament texts of the vocal parts have a close association with Jerusalem’s turbulent history. Entitled Lieder der Vergänglichkeit, his 8th symphony for soloists, choir and large orchestra sets text of German romantic poems related to trees and the woods to music. The work had been commissioned on occasion of the grand opening of the Philharmonie Luxembourg in 2005. 

Penderecki is one of the musicians among his own generation to have received the most awards: in 1966 he received the Grand Art Prize from the federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia, in 1967 the Prix Italia and the Sibelius Gold Medal and in 1970 the prize from the Polish Composers’ Association. He also received the Prix Arthur Honegger (1977), the Sibelius Prize of the Wihuri Foundation, the National Prize of Poland (both in 1983), the Premio Lorenzo il Magnifico (1985), the University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition (1992), the Prize of the International Music Council/UNESCO (1993) and the Music Prize of the city of Duisburg (1999), the Cannes Award as "Living Composer of the Year" (2000), the Romano Guardini Prize of the Catholic Academy in Bavaria (2002) and the Praemium Imperiale (2004). Since 1990 he has been holder of the Grand Cross for Distinguished Services of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and Chevalier de Saint Georges. In 1995, he became a member of the Royal Academy of Music in Dublin and in 1998 a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. In 2006, he was made Commander of the Three Star Order in Riga, Latvia and is a member of the Order of the White Eagle in Poland. Krzysztof Penderecki is honorary doctor and honorary professor of numerous international universities.

1933
Born at Dębica (Poland) on November 23
1958
Graduated from the Cracow Academy of Music; appointed to a professorship at this Academy
1959
Awarded 1st, 2nd und 3rd prize in the 2nd Competition of Young Polish Composers organized by the Polish Composers' Association for his works "Strophen", "Emanationen" and "Aus den Psalmen Davids"
1961
UNESCO award for "Threnos"
1962
First prize in the Cracow Composition Competition for his work "Kanon"
1966
Großer Kunstpreis von Nordrhein-Westfalen for his work "Lukas-Passion"
1966-68
Lecturer at the Folkwang Academy in Essen
1967
Sibelius Gold Medal
1968
Prix Italia for "Dies Irae"
1970
Award of the Polish Composer's Association
1972-87
Principal of the Cracow Academy of Music
1973
World premiere of the 1st Symphony in Peterborough (GB)
1973-78
Professorship at Yale University, New Haven
1977
Prix Arthur Honegger for "Magnificat"
1981
Médaille de la Ville de Paris
1983
Polish National Award
1985
Premio Lorenzo il Magnífico
1986
Stefania Niekrasz Medal
1987
Karl-Wolf-Award (Art prize of the Israeli Wolf Foundation)
1988
Principal Guest Conductor of the NDR-Sinfonieorchester Hamburg
1989
Manuel de Falla Gold Medaille from Academia de Bellas Artes, Granada
1990
Chevalier de Saint Georges
1991
Main-belt asteroid 1991 GR10 is named "21059 Penderecki"
1992
University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award of Music Composition for "Adagio · 4. Symphony for large orchestra"
1992-2001
Music Director of the Casals Festival in Puerto Rico
1993
Officier of the Order of Cultural Merit of the Principality of Monaco
1994-95
Primetime Emmy Award of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences
1995
World premiere of "Metamorphosen – Concerto per violino ed orchestra no. 2" in Leipzig (D)
1995-96
Primetime Emmy Award of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences
1997
Artistic Advisor at the Beijing Music Festival
1998
"Four Hundred Years of Warsaw's Municipality" Medal
1999
Honorary Board of the Vilnius Festival
2000
Honorary Citizen of Puerto Rico
2001
Grammy Award "Best Choral Composition" for "Credo"
2002
State Prize of Nordrhein-Westfalen
2003
Honorary President of the Asociación Cultural Apoyo a la Creación Musical, Oviedo
2004
Praemium Imperiale
2005
Order of the White Eagle
2006
Commander of the Three Star Order, Riga
2008
Polish Film Award Orzeł for the music for "Katyn"
2009
Order of Honour from the President of the Republic of Armenia in Yerevan for significant contribution to the strengthening and the development of Armenian-Polish cultural ties and for prominent achievements in the field of universal music art
2011
Super Wiktor Award of the Polish Wiktory TV Academy
2012
Glocal Hero Award of the Transatlantyk Film & Music Festival Poznan for Elzbieta and Krzysztof Penderecki
2013
Honorary Citizen of the Royal Capital City of Krakow
2014
Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana of the Republic of Estonia
2015
Per Artem ad Deum medal of the Pontifical Council of Culture
________
Honorary Memberships: Royal Academy of Music (London), Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia (Rome), Kungl. Musikaliska Akademien (Stockholm), Akademie der Künste (Berlin), Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires), Académie Internationale de Philosophie de l’Art (Bern), Académie Nationale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts (Bordeaux), Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea (Salzburg), Fellow of the Royal Northern College of Music, Royal Irish Academy of Music (Dublin), American Academy of Arts and Letters, Kosciuszko Foundation (New York), Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde (Vienna), Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, et al.
Conductor: Oleg Caetani
Orchestra: Taipei Philharmonic Orchestra
2017-04-28 | Taipei (Taiwan), National Concert Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Kimbo Ishii
Orchestra: Thessaloniki State Symphony Orchestra
2017-04-28 | Thessaloniki (Greece), Concert Hall — 21:00
Conductor: Tiberiu Soare
Orchestra: Filarmonica de Stat Transilvania Cluj-Napoca
2017-04-28 | Cluj (Romania), Colegiul Academic — 19:00
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Shanghai Symphony Orchestra
2017-05-06 | Shanghai (China, People's Republic), Symphony Orchestra Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Shanghai Symphony Orchestra
2017-05-06 | Shanghai (China, People's Republic), Symphony Orchestra Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Diego García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Real Filharmonía de Galicia
2017-05-11 | Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Auditorio de Galicia — 20:30
Conductor: Rune Bergmann
Orchestra: Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii w Szczecinie
2017-05-12 | Szczecin (Poland), Filharmonia — 19:00
Conductor: Diego García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Real Filharmonía de Galicia
2017-05-12 | Ferrol (Spain), Teatro Jofre — 20:30
2017-05-24 | Penarth (United Kingdom), Penarth Pier Pavilion — 19:30
2017-06-11 | Jena (Germany), Rathausdiele — 11:00
2017-06-18 | Jena (Germany), Paradiescafé — 15:00
2017-07-01 | Köln (Germany), Philharmonie — 15:00
2017-08-29 | Luzern (Switzerland), Casineum — 12:15
Conductor: Robert Hodge
Orchestra: Stoneleigh Youth Orchestra
2018-03-25 | London (United Kingdom), St Johns Smith Square — 18:30
Conductor: Lukasz Borowicz
Orchestra: London Philharmonic Orchestra
2018-05-02 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin
2018-05-16 | Berlin (Germany), Philharmonie
Conductor: Lahav Shani
Orchestra: Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
2018-06-15 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw

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I have spent decades searching for and discovering new sounds. At the same time, I have closely studied the forms, styles and harmonies of past eras. I have continued to adhere to both principles … my current creative output is a synthesis. (Krzysztof Penderecki)

Krzysztof Penderecki was born on 23 November 1933 in Dębica (Poland). He received violin and piano tuition at a very early age and entered the Conservatoire in Krakow when he was 18. From 1954, he studied composition with Artur Malewski and Stanislas Wiechowicz at the Krakow Academy of Music where he was subsequently appointed as professor in 1958. One year later, Penderecki won all three available prizes at the II Warsaw Competition for Young Composers. With the first performance of Anaklasis for 42 string instruments at the Donaueschingen Festival in 1960, he became part of the international avant-garde. Penderecki gained a reputation with a wider public with the premiere of the St Luke Passion in Münster Cathedral in 1966. The Polish composer taught at the Folkwang Hochschule in Essen from 1966 to 1968. His first opera The Devils of Loudon based on a book by Aldous Huxley received its premiere at the Hamburg State Opera House in 1969. In 1972, Penderecki was appointed as rector of the State Academy of Music in Krakow and also taught at Yale University in the USA from 1973 to 1978. Penderecki gained an international reputation as the conductor of both his own compositions and other works.

Penderecki composed several of his works in remembrance of catastrophes in the 20th century. Threnos for 52 string instruments, composed in 1960, is dedicated to the victims of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima and the piano concerto Resurrection was composed as a reaction to the terror attacks of 11 September 2001. For Penderecki, these associations in content are not merely an abstract concept, but also in their instrumental tonal colouring and dramatic sounds emotionally comprehensible for listeners. Extensive political-social associations can also be found in the Polish Requiem which he began in 1980 with the composition of the Lacrimosa which is dedicated to Lech Walesa. The composer dedicated other movements of this work to the Polish victims of Auschwitz and the Warsaw uprising in 1944. This was supplemented by the Ciaccona in memoriam Johannes Paul II in 2005 which commemorated the Polish Pope.

Numerous compositions from a variety of genres originated from direct cooperation with outstanding soloists including Anne-Sophie Mutter (2nd violin concerto Metamorphosen, among others), Mstislav Rostropovitch (Concerto per violoncello ed orchestra no. 2) and Boris Pergamenschikow (Concerto grosso). The composer’s interest was focused on large-scale musical forms, in particular the symphony. Penderecki’s 7th symphony Seven Gates of Jerusalem received its first performance in 1997 demands the forces of five vocal soloists, narrator, three choirs and large orchestra. This work with a duration of just over an hour was composed under the title within the context of the 3000-year anniversary of the city. The Old Testament texts of the vocal parts have a close association with Jerusalem’s turbulent history. Entitled Lieder der Vergänglichkeit, his 8th symphony for soloists, choir and large orchestra sets text of German romantic poems related to trees and the woods to music. The work had been commissioned on occasion of the grand opening of the Philharmonie Luxembourg in 2005. 

Penderecki is one of the musicians among his own generation to have received the most awards: in 1966 he received the Grand Art Prize from the federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia, in 1967 the Prix Italia and the Sibelius Gold Medal and in 1970 the prize from the Polish Composers’ Association. He also received the Prix Arthur Honegger (1977), the Sibelius Prize of the Wihuri Foundation, the National Prize of Poland (both in 1983), the Premio Lorenzo il Magnifico (1985), the University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition (1992), the Prize of the International Music Council/UNESCO (1993) and the Music Prize of the city of Duisburg (1999), the Cannes Award as "Living Composer of the Year" (2000), the Romano Guardini Prize of the Catholic Academy in Bavaria (2002) and the Praemium Imperiale (2004). Since 1990 he has been holder of the Grand Cross for Distinguished Services of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and Chevalier de Saint Georges. In 1995, he became a member of the Royal Academy of Music in Dublin and in 1998 a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. In 2006, he was made Commander of the Three Star Order in Riga, Latvia and is a member of the Order of the White Eagle in Poland. Krzysztof Penderecki is honorary doctor and honorary professor of numerous international universities.

Works
Chronology
1933
Born at Dębica (Poland) on November 23
1958
Graduated from the Cracow Academy of Music; appointed to a professorship at this Academy
1959
Awarded 1st, 2nd und 3rd prize in the 2nd Competition of Young Polish Composers organized by the Polish Composers' Association for his works "Strophen", "Emanationen" and "Aus den Psalmen Davids"
1961
UNESCO award for "Threnos"
1962
First prize in the Cracow Composition Competition for his work "Kanon"
1966
Großer Kunstpreis von Nordrhein-Westfalen for his work "Lukas-Passion"
1966-68
Lecturer at the Folkwang Academy in Essen
1967
Sibelius Gold Medal
1968
Prix Italia for "Dies Irae"
1970
Award of the Polish Composer's Association
1972-87
Principal of the Cracow Academy of Music
1973
World premiere of the 1st Symphony in Peterborough (GB)
1973-78
Professorship at Yale University, New Haven
1977
Prix Arthur Honegger for "Magnificat"
1981
Médaille de la Ville de Paris
1983
Polish National Award
1985
Premio Lorenzo il Magnífico
1986
Stefania Niekrasz Medal
1987
Karl-Wolf-Award (Art prize of the Israeli Wolf Foundation)
1988
Principal Guest Conductor of the NDR-Sinfonieorchester Hamburg
1989
Manuel de Falla Gold Medaille from Academia de Bellas Artes, Granada
1990
Chevalier de Saint Georges
1991
Main-belt asteroid 1991 GR10 is named "21059 Penderecki"
1992
University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award of Music Composition for "Adagio · 4. Symphony for large orchestra"
1992-2001
Music Director of the Casals Festival in Puerto Rico
1993
Officier of the Order of Cultural Merit of the Principality of Monaco
1994-95
Primetime Emmy Award of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences
1995
World premiere of "Metamorphosen – Concerto per violino ed orchestra no. 2" in Leipzig (D)
1995-96
Primetime Emmy Award of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences
1997
Artistic Advisor at the Beijing Music Festival
1998
"Four Hundred Years of Warsaw's Municipality" Medal
1999
Honorary Board of the Vilnius Festival
2000
Honorary Citizen of Puerto Rico
2001
Grammy Award "Best Choral Composition" for "Credo"
2002
State Prize of Nordrhein-Westfalen
2003
Honorary President of the Asociación Cultural Apoyo a la Creación Musical, Oviedo
2004
Praemium Imperiale
2005
Order of the White Eagle
2006
Commander of the Three Star Order, Riga
2008
Polish Film Award Orzeł for the music for "Katyn"
2009
Order of Honour from the President of the Republic of Armenia in Yerevan for significant contribution to the strengthening and the development of Armenian-Polish cultural ties and for prominent achievements in the field of universal music art
2011
Super Wiktor Award of the Polish Wiktory TV Academy
2012
Glocal Hero Award of the Transatlantyk Film & Music Festival Poznan for Elzbieta and Krzysztof Penderecki
2013
Honorary Citizen of the Royal Capital City of Krakow
2014
Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana of the Republic of Estonia
2015
Per Artem ad Deum medal of the Pontifical Council of Culture
________
Honorary Memberships: Royal Academy of Music (London), Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia (Rome), Kungl. Musikaliska Akademien (Stockholm), Akademie der Künste (Berlin), Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires), Académie Internationale de Philosophie de l’Art (Bern), Académie Nationale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts (Bordeaux), Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea (Salzburg), Fellow of the Royal Northern College of Music, Royal Irish Academy of Music (Dublin), American Academy of Arts and Letters, Kosciuszko Foundation (New York), Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde (Vienna), Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, et al.
Performances
Conductor: Oleg Caetani
Orchestra: Taipei Philharmonic Orchestra
2017-04-28 | Taipei (Taiwan), National Concert Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Kimbo Ishii
Orchestra: Thessaloniki State Symphony Orchestra
2017-04-28 | Thessaloniki (Greece), Concert Hall — 21:00
Conductor: Tiberiu Soare
Orchestra: Filarmonica de Stat Transilvania Cluj-Napoca
2017-04-28 | Cluj (Romania), Colegiul Academic — 19:00
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Shanghai Symphony Orchestra
2017-05-06 | Shanghai (China, People's Republic), Symphony Orchestra Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Shanghai Symphony Orchestra
2017-05-06 | Shanghai (China, People's Republic), Symphony Orchestra Hall — 20:00
Conductor: Diego García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Real Filharmonía de Galicia
2017-05-11 | Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Auditorio de Galicia — 20:30
Conductor: Rune Bergmann
Orchestra: Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii w Szczecinie
2017-05-12 | Szczecin (Poland), Filharmonia — 19:00
Conductor: Diego García Rodríguez
Orchestra: Real Filharmonía de Galicia
2017-05-12 | Ferrol (Spain), Teatro Jofre — 20:30
2017-05-24 | Penarth (United Kingdom), Penarth Pier Pavilion — 19:30
2017-06-11 | Jena (Germany), Rathausdiele — 11:00
2017-06-18 | Jena (Germany), Paradiescafé — 15:00
2017-07-01 | Köln (Germany), Philharmonie — 15:00
2017-08-29 | Luzern (Switzerland), Casineum — 12:15
Conductor: Robert Hodge
Orchestra: Stoneleigh Youth Orchestra
2018-03-25 | London (United Kingdom), St Johns Smith Square — 18:30
Conductor: Lukasz Borowicz
Orchestra: London Philharmonic Orchestra
2018-05-02 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki
Orchestra: Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin
2018-05-16 | Berlin (Germany), Philharmonie
Conductor: Lahav Shani
Orchestra: Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
2018-06-15 | Amsterdam (Netherlands), Concertgebouw
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