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György  Ligeti

Born: May 28th, 1923
Died: June 12th, 2006
Country of origin: Hungary
Upcoming :
2017-05-26 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
2017-05-26 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30

I almost always associate colours, form and consistencies with sounds and vice versa also associate all acoustic sensations with form, colour and material properties. Even abstract terms such as quantity, relationships, coherences and processes appear to me to be sensualised and have their place in an imaginary space. (György Ligeti)

György Ligeti was born on 28.5.1923 as the son of Hungarian-Jewish parents in Dicsőszentmárton (now known as Târnǎveni, in Transylvania/Romania). He studied at the Conservatory in Klausenburg with Ferenc Farkas from 1941 to 1943 and from 1945 to 1949 at the Franz Liszt Academy in Budapest with Sándor Veress, Pál Járdányi and Lajos Bárdos. Following the abatement of the Hungarian Revolution, he left his native country in December 1956 for both political and artistic reasons. During his time as freelancer in the West German Radio studio for electronic music in Cologne (1957-58), he undertook an intense study of the music of Karlheinz Stockhausen, Mauricio Kagel and Pierre Boulez. In the 1960s, Ligeti was associate professor at the Summer School for Contemporary Music in Darmstadt and guest professor at the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in Stockholm. He received a scholarship from the German Academic Exchange Programme (DAAD) in Berlin for 1969-70 and was Composer in Residence at the Stanford University in California in 1972 before being appointed as Professor for Composition at the Hamburg Musikhochschule the following year. The composer made a substantial impact on international contemporary music both as a university professor (up to 1989) and as an active member of the music scene and became the musical aesthetic benchmark for a whole generation. György Ligeti died in Vienna on 12 June 2006.

In specialist musical circles, György Ligeti had already caused a sensation with his electronic composition Artikulation (1958) which had been produced in the Cologne recording studio. He subsequently gained immediate fame throughout the musical world with his orchestral works Apparitions (1958-59) and Atmosphères (1961). Leanings towards extreme micro-polyphony were already visible in the works he had previously composed in Hungary, for example the a capella choral works Éjszaka and Reggel from1955. In the works from the late 1950s and 1960s, the concept of an extremely densely interwoven voice structure was increasingly contrasted with static tonal-spatial compositions. This was achieved with stunning effect: the maximum degree of movement in the voices develops into an audibly perceived spatially “static” music. In the 1980s and 1990s, complex polyrhythmic compositional techniques come to the foreground in Ligeti’s works. This development can be followed clearly in the Etudes pour piano which were published in three volumes and span the compositional period between 1985 and 2001. During the same period, Ligeti was working on the solo concertos for Piano and Orchestra (1985-88) and Violin and Orchestra (1990/92). These compositions – together with the Hamburg Concerto for horn und chamber orchestra (1998/99) – have subsequently been adopted in the solo repertoire of numerous soloists.

Ligeti’s full-length stage work Le Grand Macabre was composed between 1974 and 1977 (revised version 1996) and was based on a fable by Michel de Ghelderode. The persiflage on the Last Judgement in the imaginary country of “Breughelland” develops into an absurd display of the all too human needs of its citizens. Ligeti also utilises the medium of parody in his music which ranges from acrobatic bel canto and complex tone row structures to grotesque sprechgesang.

Alongside membership in the Free Academy of Arts in Hamburg and the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, György Ligeti was honoured as the recipient of numerous prizes: the following list includes only a selection of these awards: Commandeur dans l'Ordre National des Arts et Lettres, Prix de composition musicale de la Fondation Prince Pierre de Monaco (both in 1988), the Music Prize from the Balzan Foundation (1991), the Ernst von Siemens Music Prize (1993), the UNESCO-IMC Music Prize (1996), honorary membership  in the Romanian Academy (1997) and nomination as Associé étranger der Académie des Beaux Arts (1998). Ligeti additionally received the Sibelius Prize from the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation (2000), the Kyoto Prize for Art and Science (2001), the Medal for Art and Science from the Senate of the City of Hamburg (2003), the Theodor W. Adorno Prize from the City of Frankfurt (2003) and the Polar Music Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Music (2004).

1923
Born 28 May in Dicsőszentmárton (now called Târnǎveni), Transylvania (Romania)
1941
Graduate from secondary school in Klausenburg (Transylvania)
1941-43
Study of composition with Ferenc Farkas at the Klausenburg Conservatory
1942-43
In between: studies with Pál Kadosa in Budapest
1945-49
Studies with Sándor Veress, Pál Járdányi, Ferenc Farkas and Lajos Bárdos at the Budapest Academy of Music
1946-47
"3 Songs" after Sandor Weöres
1950-56
Lecturer at the Budapest Academy of Music
1950-53
"Musica Ricercata" for piano
1953
"Six Bagatelles" for wind quintet
1953-54
String Quartet no. 1 "Métarmorphoses nocturnes"
1955
A cappella choral music: "Night" and "Morning"
1956
Flees to Austria after the uprising in Hungary
1957-58
Free-lance work at the studio for electronic music of the West German Radio in Cologne
1958
"Artikulation", electronic composition
1958-59
"Apparitions" for orchestra
1959-69
Residence in Vienna
1959-72
Lecturer at the Darmstadt Music Courses
1960
World première of "Apparitions" on the occasion of the ISCM Festival in Cologne
1961-71
Visiting professor at the Stockholm Music Academy
1961
"Atmosphères" for large orchestra
1961-62
"Volumina" for organ
1962
"Aventures" for 3 singers and 7 instrumentalists
1962-65
"Nouvelles Aventures" for 3 singers and 7 instrumentalists
1963
Composition course in Bilthoven and at the Folkwangschule in Essen (Germany)
1963-65
"Requiem"
1964
1st prize in the Composition Competition organized by the Internatioinal Society for Contemporary Music, Rome, for "Apparations"; Member of the Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm
1965
Prize ot the Koussevitzky Foundation, Washington
1966
1st prize in the Composition Competition of the International Society for Contemporary Music, Rome, for "Requiem"
1967
Beethoven Prize of the City of Bonn for "Requiem"; Medal of Honour awarded by the University of Helsinki
1968
Member of the Akademie der Künste, Berlin
1968-69
"Ramifications" für string orchestra or 12 solo strings
1969-73
Residence in Berlin and Vienna
1969-70
"Chamber Concerto" for 13 instrumentalists
1969
Honorary member of the Musikverein für Steiermark; 1st prize in the International UNESCO Competition for "Lontano"
1971
Member of the Freie Akademie der Künste, Hamburg
1972
Berliner Kunstpreis (awarded by the Akademie der Künste, Berlin)
1972-73
"Clocks and Clouds" for 12-part female choir and orchestra
1973-89
Professor at the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst Hamburg
since 1973
Residence in Hamburg and Vienna
1973
Composition course at the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood (Massachusetts)
1973-74
"San Francisco Polyphony" for orchestra
1974
Composition Course at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena
1974-77
"Le Grand Macabre", opera in 2 acts (4 scenes)
1975
Member of the Orden Pour le mérite for Sciences and Arts, Bonn; Bach Prize awarded by the City of Hamburg
1976
"Monument, Selbstportrait, Bewegung", 3 pieces for 2 pianos
1978
Member of the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Munich
1979
First Italian performance of "Le Grand Macabre" in Bologna; Composition course in Aix-en-Provence
1981
First French performance of "Le Grand Macabre" in Paris
1982
"Trio" for violin, horn and piano; "Drei Phantasien" for 16-part mixed choir a cappella; First English performance of "Le Grand Macabre" at the English National Opera in London
1983
"Magyar Etüdök" (Hungarian studies) for mixed choir a cappella
1984
Honorary member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters; Prix Ravel, Paris; Béla Bartók-Ditta Pásztory Prize, Budapest; Honorary member of the International Society for New Music
1985
Prix Arthur Honegger – Chevillion Bonnaud, Paris
1985-88
"Concerto for Piano and Orchestra"
1986
Grawemeyer Award, Louisville (Kentucky)
1987
Honorary Distinction for Science and Arts (Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) of the Republic of Austria; Honorary Ring (Ehrenring) of the City of Vienna
1988
Honorary doctorate of the University of Hamburg; Commandeur in the Ordre National des Arts et Lettres, Paris; Composition Prize of the Fondation Prince Pierre de Monaco
1989
Honorary member of the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst of Graz
1990
Honorary member of the Freie Akademie der Künste of Hamburg; Honorary member of the Austrian Association of Composers; Goethe Medal of the Goethe Institute in Munich; The "Leonie Sonnings" Music Prize, Copenhagen; Honorary member of the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Rome; Grand Austrian State Prize (Großer Österreichischer Staatspreis); Member of the Austrian Art Senate (Österreichischer Kunstsenat); Corresponding member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes, Granada
1991
Honorary member of the Royal Philharmonic Society, London; Praemium Imperiale, Tokyo; Music Prize of the Balzan Foundation, Bern-Milan
1992
Honorary member of the Royal Academy of Music, London; Member of the Hungarian Academy of Letters and Arts (Széchenyi Iroldami és Művészeti Akadémia)
1993
Honorary Doctorate of the New England Conservatory, Boston; Ernst von Siemens Music Prize; Music Prize of the Kaske Foundation; Middle Cross of the Distinguished Service Medal of the Hungarian Republic  (A Magyar Köztársasági Érdemrend középkeresztje); Prize of the City of Vienna; Full Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts (Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea)
1994
Member of the Club of Budapest
1995
Foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; The "Rolf Schock" Music Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm
1996
Music Prize of the Wolf Foundation Jerusalem; UNESCO-IMC (International Music Council)-Music Prize; "Associé étranger" of the Académie Royale de Belgique
1997
Honorary member of the Romanian Academy (Academia Româna)
1998
"Associé étranger" of the Académie des Beaux Arts, Paris
1998-99
"Hamburgisches Konzert" for horn and chamber orchestra
2000
Sibelius Medal of the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation, Helsinki; Commandeur de l´Ordre du Mérite Culturel de Monaco
2001
"The Royal Philharmonic Society Music Award for Achievement during 2000 for the Chamber-Scale Composition category" for "Síppal, doppal, nádihegedűvel"; Kyoto Prize of the Inamori Foundation
2003
Theodor W. Adorno Prize of the City of Frankfurt; Medal of Arts and Sciences of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg; Kossuth Prize of the Hungarian State; Honorary member of the Konzerthausgesellschaft Vienna; Grand Prix du Président de la République de l'Académie Charles Cros
2004
Polar Music Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm; ECHO Klassik Lifetime Achievement Award
2005
Frankfurt Music Prize
2006
Dies in Vienna on 12 June and is buried at the Vienna Central Cemetery (honorary grave)
2017-05-26 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
2017-05-26 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
Conductor: Gergely Vajda
Orchestra: Óbudai Danubia Zenekar
2017-05-26 | Budapest (Hungary), Erkel Színház — 19:00
Conductor: Philippe Auguin
Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Nice
2017-05-26 | Nice (France), Opéra — 20:00
Conductor: Philippe Auguin
Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Nice
2017-05-27 | Nice (France), Opéra — 16:00
Conductor: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestra: Athelas Sinfonietta
2017-05-30 | Kopenhagen (Denmark), Tivoli Concert Hall — 19:30
2017-05-31 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
2017-05-31 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
Conductor: Gustavo Gimeno
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-06-01 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
2017-06-02 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
2017-06-02 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
Conductor: Jean-Philippe Wurtz
Orchestra: Orchestre symphonique du Conservatoire Strasbourg
2017-06-02 | Strasbourg (France), Cité de la Musique et de la Danse — 20:00
2017-06-03 | Ittingen (Switzerland)
Conductor: Jean-Philippe Wurtz
Orchestra: Orchestre symphonique du Conservatoire Strasbourg
2017-06-03 | Strasbourg (France), Cité de la Musique et de la Danse — 20:00
Conductor: Andrés Orozco-Estrada
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2017-06-04 | Dresden (Germany), Kulturpalast — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-06 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Orchestra: Divertimento Ensemble
2017-06-06 | Milano (Italy), Piccolo Teatro
Conductor: Andrés Orozco-Estrada
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2017-06-08 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-09 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Conductor: Andrés Orozco-Estrada
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2017-06-09 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper — 20:00
2017-06-12 | Bern (Switzerland), Konservatorium
Conductor: Timo Jouko Herrmann
Orchestra: Sinfonietta Leipzig
2017-06-15 | Leipzig (Germany), Gewandhaus — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-16 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Conductor: Henrik Vagn Christensen
Orchestra: Copenhagen Phil
2017-06-17 | Copenhagen (Denmark), Tivoli Concert Hall
Conductor: Henrik Vagn Christensen
Orchestra: Copenhagen Phil
2017-06-18 | Copenhagen (Denmark), Tivoli Concert Hall
Conductor: Abigail Kitching, Matthew Quinn, Robin Wallington
2017-06-18 | Morpeth (United Kingdom), Alwinton Church — 15:00
Conductor: John Storgårds
Orchestra: Münchener Kammerorchester
2017-06-22 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-24 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Conductor: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestra: Gürzenich-Orchester Köln; Jugendsinfonieorchester der Rheinischen Musikschule
2017-06-25 | Köln (Germany), Oper - StaatenHaus — 11:00
Conductor: Andrzej Bauer
Orchestra: Chain Ensemble
2017-06-27 | Warszawa (Poland), Nowy Teatr
Conductor: Jac van Steen
Orchestra: RCM Symphony Orchestra
2017-06-29 | London (United Kingdom), Amaryllis Fleming Concert Hall
Conductor: Dima Slobodeniouk
Orchestra: Avanti! Chamber Orchestra
2017-06-29 | Porvoo (Finland), Art Factory — 19:00
Conductor: Jac van Steen
Orchestra: RCM Symphony Orchestra
2017-06-30 | London (United Kingdom), Amaryllis Fleming Concert Hall
2017-07-14 | Posio (Finland) — 18:00
2017-07-14 | Posio (Finland) — 18:00
2017-07-14 | Posio (Finland) — 18:00
2017-07-17 | Siikalatva (Finland), Pulkkila school hall — 19:00
2017-07-17 | Siikalatva (Finland), Pulkkila school hall — 19:00
2017-07-17 | Siikalatva (Finland), Pulkkila school hall — 19:00
2017-08-06 | Manttu (Finland), Youth-House — 15:00
2017-08-06 | Manttu (Finland), Youth-House — 15:00
2017-08-06 | Manttu (Finland), Youth-House — 15:00
Conductor: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestra: Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra
2017-08-26 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
Conductor: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestra: Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra
2017-08-26 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
2017-08-27 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Kunstmuseum — 16:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-08 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-10 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 13:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-17 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:00
2017-09-20 | Köln (Germany), Philharmonie
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-22 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-24 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
Conductor: Jakub Hrůša
Orchestra: Bamberger Symphoniker
2017-09-28 | Bamberg (Germany), Konzerthalle — 20:00
2017-09-29 | Meiningen (Germany), Theater
2017-09-29 | Meiningen (Germany), Südthüringisches Staatstheater
Conductor: Jakub Hrůša
Orchestra: Bamberger Symphoniker
2017-09-30 | Frankfurt (Germany), Alte Oper — 20:00
Conductor: Jakub Hrůša
Orchestra: Bamberger Symphoniker
2017-10-01 | Bonn (Germany), World Conference Center — 18:00
Conductor: Karl-Heinz Steffens
Orchestra: Deutsche Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz
2017-10-01 | Mannheim (Germany), Rosengarten
2017-10-03 | Strasbourg (France), Salle de la Bourse
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-10-07 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
2017-10-10 | Schweinfurt (Germany), Theater, Foyer
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-10-15 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:00
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-10-20 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
2017-11-11 | Baden-Baden (Germany), Museum Frieder Burda — 20:00
2017-11-12 | Stuttgart (Germany), Neues Schloss — 16:00
2017-11-13 | Freiburg (Germany), Konzerthaus — 16:00
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-23 | Hamburg (Germany), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Conductor: Philippe Jordan
Orchestra: Wiener Symphoniker
2018-01-24 | Wien (Austria), Musikverein — 19:30
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-05-05 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-05-09 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
2018-05-11 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19:30
2018-05-11 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19:30
2018-05-12 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-05-24 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-06-05 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-06-22 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-06-29 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater

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I almost always associate colours, form and consistencies with sounds and vice versa also associate all acoustic sensations with form, colour and material properties. Even abstract terms such as quantity, relationships, coherences and processes appear to me to be sensualised and have their place in an imaginary space. (György Ligeti)

György Ligeti was born on 28.5.1923 as the son of Hungarian-Jewish parents in Dicsőszentmárton (now known as Târnǎveni, in Transylvania/Romania). He studied at the Conservatory in Klausenburg with Ferenc Farkas from 1941 to 1943 and from 1945 to 1949 at the Franz Liszt Academy in Budapest with Sándor Veress, Pál Járdányi and Lajos Bárdos. Following the abatement of the Hungarian Revolution, he left his native country in December 1956 for both political and artistic reasons. During his time as freelancer in the West German Radio studio for electronic music in Cologne (1957-58), he undertook an intense study of the music of Karlheinz Stockhausen, Mauricio Kagel and Pierre Boulez. In the 1960s, Ligeti was associate professor at the Summer School for Contemporary Music in Darmstadt and guest professor at the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in Stockholm. He received a scholarship from the German Academic Exchange Programme (DAAD) in Berlin for 1969-70 and was Composer in Residence at the Stanford University in California in 1972 before being appointed as Professor for Composition at the Hamburg Musikhochschule the following year. The composer made a substantial impact on international contemporary music both as a university professor (up to 1989) and as an active member of the music scene and became the musical aesthetic benchmark for a whole generation. György Ligeti died in Vienna on 12 June 2006.

In specialist musical circles, György Ligeti had already caused a sensation with his electronic composition Artikulation (1958) which had been produced in the Cologne recording studio. He subsequently gained immediate fame throughout the musical world with his orchestral works Apparitions (1958-59) and Atmosphères (1961). Leanings towards extreme micro-polyphony were already visible in the works he had previously composed in Hungary, for example the a capella choral works Éjszaka and Reggel from1955. In the works from the late 1950s and 1960s, the concept of an extremely densely interwoven voice structure was increasingly contrasted with static tonal-spatial compositions. This was achieved with stunning effect: the maximum degree of movement in the voices develops into an audibly perceived spatially “static” music. In the 1980s and 1990s, complex polyrhythmic compositional techniques come to the foreground in Ligeti’s works. This development can be followed clearly in the Etudes pour piano which were published in three volumes and span the compositional period between 1985 and 2001. During the same period, Ligeti was working on the solo concertos for Piano and Orchestra (1985-88) and Violin and Orchestra (1990/92). These compositions – together with the Hamburg Concerto for horn und chamber orchestra (1998/99) – have subsequently been adopted in the solo repertoire of numerous soloists.

Ligeti’s full-length stage work Le Grand Macabre was composed between 1974 and 1977 (revised version 1996) and was based on a fable by Michel de Ghelderode. The persiflage on the Last Judgement in the imaginary country of “Breughelland” develops into an absurd display of the all too human needs of its citizens. Ligeti also utilises the medium of parody in his music which ranges from acrobatic bel canto and complex tone row structures to grotesque sprechgesang.

Alongside membership in the Free Academy of Arts in Hamburg and the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, György Ligeti was honoured as the recipient of numerous prizes: the following list includes only a selection of these awards: Commandeur dans l'Ordre National des Arts et Lettres, Prix de composition musicale de la Fondation Prince Pierre de Monaco (both in 1988), the Music Prize from the Balzan Foundation (1991), the Ernst von Siemens Music Prize (1993), the UNESCO-IMC Music Prize (1996), honorary membership  in the Romanian Academy (1997) and nomination as Associé étranger der Académie des Beaux Arts (1998). Ligeti additionally received the Sibelius Prize from the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation (2000), the Kyoto Prize for Art and Science (2001), the Medal for Art and Science from the Senate of the City of Hamburg (2003), the Theodor W. Adorno Prize from the City of Frankfurt (2003) and the Polar Music Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Music (2004).

Works
Chronology
1923
Born 28 May in Dicsőszentmárton (now called Târnǎveni), Transylvania (Romania)
1941
Graduate from secondary school in Klausenburg (Transylvania)
1941-43
Study of composition with Ferenc Farkas at the Klausenburg Conservatory
1942-43
In between: studies with Pál Kadosa in Budapest
1945-49
Studies with Sándor Veress, Pál Járdányi, Ferenc Farkas and Lajos Bárdos at the Budapest Academy of Music
1946-47
"3 Songs" after Sandor Weöres
1950-56
Lecturer at the Budapest Academy of Music
1950-53
"Musica Ricercata" for piano
1953
"Six Bagatelles" for wind quintet
1953-54
String Quartet no. 1 "Métarmorphoses nocturnes"
1955
A cappella choral music: "Night" and "Morning"
1956
Flees to Austria after the uprising in Hungary
1957-58
Free-lance work at the studio for electronic music of the West German Radio in Cologne
1958
"Artikulation", electronic composition
1958-59
"Apparitions" for orchestra
1959-69
Residence in Vienna
1959-72
Lecturer at the Darmstadt Music Courses
1960
World première of "Apparitions" on the occasion of the ISCM Festival in Cologne
1961-71
Visiting professor at the Stockholm Music Academy
1961
"Atmosphères" for large orchestra
1961-62
"Volumina" for organ
1962
"Aventures" for 3 singers and 7 instrumentalists
1962-65
"Nouvelles Aventures" for 3 singers and 7 instrumentalists
1963
Composition course in Bilthoven and at the Folkwangschule in Essen (Germany)
1963-65
"Requiem"
1964
1st prize in the Composition Competition organized by the Internatioinal Society for Contemporary Music, Rome, for "Apparations"; Member of the Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm
1965
Prize ot the Koussevitzky Foundation, Washington
1966
1st prize in the Composition Competition of the International Society for Contemporary Music, Rome, for "Requiem"
1967
Beethoven Prize of the City of Bonn for "Requiem"; Medal of Honour awarded by the University of Helsinki
1968
Member of the Akademie der Künste, Berlin
1968-69
"Ramifications" für string orchestra or 12 solo strings
1969-73
Residence in Berlin and Vienna
1969-70
"Chamber Concerto" for 13 instrumentalists
1969
Honorary member of the Musikverein für Steiermark; 1st prize in the International UNESCO Competition for "Lontano"
1971
Member of the Freie Akademie der Künste, Hamburg
1972
Berliner Kunstpreis (awarded by the Akademie der Künste, Berlin)
1972-73
"Clocks and Clouds" for 12-part female choir and orchestra
1973-89
Professor at the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst Hamburg
since 1973
Residence in Hamburg and Vienna
1973
Composition course at the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood (Massachusetts)
1973-74
"San Francisco Polyphony" for orchestra
1974
Composition Course at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena
1974-77
"Le Grand Macabre", opera in 2 acts (4 scenes)
1975
Member of the Orden Pour le mérite for Sciences and Arts, Bonn; Bach Prize awarded by the City of Hamburg
1976
"Monument, Selbstportrait, Bewegung", 3 pieces for 2 pianos
1978
Member of the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Munich
1979
First Italian performance of "Le Grand Macabre" in Bologna; Composition course in Aix-en-Provence
1981
First French performance of "Le Grand Macabre" in Paris
1982
"Trio" for violin, horn and piano; "Drei Phantasien" for 16-part mixed choir a cappella; First English performance of "Le Grand Macabre" at the English National Opera in London
1983
"Magyar Etüdök" (Hungarian studies) for mixed choir a cappella
1984
Honorary member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters; Prix Ravel, Paris; Béla Bartók-Ditta Pásztory Prize, Budapest; Honorary member of the International Society for New Music
1985
Prix Arthur Honegger – Chevillion Bonnaud, Paris
1985-88
"Concerto for Piano and Orchestra"
1986
Grawemeyer Award, Louisville (Kentucky)
1987
Honorary Distinction for Science and Arts (Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) of the Republic of Austria; Honorary Ring (Ehrenring) of the City of Vienna
1988
Honorary doctorate of the University of Hamburg; Commandeur in the Ordre National des Arts et Lettres, Paris; Composition Prize of the Fondation Prince Pierre de Monaco
1989
Honorary member of the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst of Graz
1990
Honorary member of the Freie Akademie der Künste of Hamburg; Honorary member of the Austrian Association of Composers; Goethe Medal of the Goethe Institute in Munich; The "Leonie Sonnings" Music Prize, Copenhagen; Honorary member of the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Rome; Grand Austrian State Prize (Großer Österreichischer Staatspreis); Member of the Austrian Art Senate (Österreichischer Kunstsenat); Corresponding member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes, Granada
1991
Honorary member of the Royal Philharmonic Society, London; Praemium Imperiale, Tokyo; Music Prize of the Balzan Foundation, Bern-Milan
1992
Honorary member of the Royal Academy of Music, London; Member of the Hungarian Academy of Letters and Arts (Széchenyi Iroldami és Művészeti Akadémia)
1993
Honorary Doctorate of the New England Conservatory, Boston; Ernst von Siemens Music Prize; Music Prize of the Kaske Foundation; Middle Cross of the Distinguished Service Medal of the Hungarian Republic  (A Magyar Köztársasági Érdemrend középkeresztje); Prize of the City of Vienna; Full Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts (Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea)
1994
Member of the Club of Budapest
1995
Foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; The "Rolf Schock" Music Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm
1996
Music Prize of the Wolf Foundation Jerusalem; UNESCO-IMC (International Music Council)-Music Prize; "Associé étranger" of the Académie Royale de Belgique
1997
Honorary member of the Romanian Academy (Academia Româna)
1998
"Associé étranger" of the Académie des Beaux Arts, Paris
1998-99
"Hamburgisches Konzert" for horn and chamber orchestra
2000
Sibelius Medal of the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation, Helsinki; Commandeur de l´Ordre du Mérite Culturel de Monaco
2001
"The Royal Philharmonic Society Music Award for Achievement during 2000 for the Chamber-Scale Composition category" for "Síppal, doppal, nádihegedűvel"; Kyoto Prize of the Inamori Foundation
2003
Theodor W. Adorno Prize of the City of Frankfurt; Medal of Arts and Sciences of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg; Kossuth Prize of the Hungarian State; Honorary member of the Konzerthausgesellschaft Vienna; Grand Prix du Président de la République de l'Académie Charles Cros
2004
Polar Music Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm; ECHO Klassik Lifetime Achievement Award
2005
Frankfurt Music Prize
2006
Dies in Vienna on 12 June and is buried at the Vienna Central Cemetery (honorary grave)
Performances
2017-05-26 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
2017-05-26 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
Conductor: Gergely Vajda
Orchestra: Óbudai Danubia Zenekar
2017-05-26 | Budapest (Hungary), Erkel Színház — 19:00
Conductor: Philippe Auguin
Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Nice
2017-05-26 | Nice (France), Opéra — 20:00
Conductor: Philippe Auguin
Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Nice
2017-05-27 | Nice (France), Opéra — 16:00
Conductor: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestra: Athelas Sinfonietta
2017-05-30 | Kopenhagen (Denmark), Tivoli Concert Hall — 19:30
2017-05-31 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
2017-05-31 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
Conductor: Gustavo Gimeno
Orchestra: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-06-01 | London (United Kingdom), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
2017-06-02 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
2017-06-02 | München (Germany), Nationaltheater — 19:30
Conductor: Jean-Philippe Wurtz
Orchestra: Orchestre symphonique du Conservatoire Strasbourg
2017-06-02 | Strasbourg (France), Cité de la Musique et de la Danse — 20:00
2017-06-03 | Ittingen (Switzerland)
Conductor: Jean-Philippe Wurtz
Orchestra: Orchestre symphonique du Conservatoire Strasbourg
2017-06-03 | Strasbourg (France), Cité de la Musique et de la Danse — 20:00
Conductor: Andrés Orozco-Estrada
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2017-06-04 | Dresden (Germany), Kulturpalast — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-06 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Orchestra: Divertimento Ensemble
2017-06-06 | Milano (Italy), Piccolo Teatro
Conductor: Andrés Orozco-Estrada
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2017-06-08 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-09 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Conductor: Andrés Orozco-Estrada
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2017-06-09 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper — 20:00
2017-06-12 | Bern (Switzerland), Konservatorium
Conductor: Timo Jouko Herrmann
Orchestra: Sinfonietta Leipzig
2017-06-15 | Leipzig (Germany), Gewandhaus — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-16 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Conductor: Henrik Vagn Christensen
Orchestra: Copenhagen Phil
2017-06-17 | Copenhagen (Denmark), Tivoli Concert Hall
Conductor: Henrik Vagn Christensen
Orchestra: Copenhagen Phil
2017-06-18 | Copenhagen (Denmark), Tivoli Concert Hall
Conductor: Abigail Kitching, Matthew Quinn, Robin Wallington
2017-06-18 | Morpeth (United Kingdom), Alwinton Church — 15:00
Conductor: John Storgårds
Orchestra: Münchener Kammerorchester
2017-06-22 | München (Germany), Prinzregententheater — 20:00
Conductor: Alexander Hannemann
2017-06-24 | Kassel (Germany), Staatstheater — 19:30
Conductor: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestra: Gürzenich-Orchester Köln; Jugendsinfonieorchester der Rheinischen Musikschule
2017-06-25 | Köln (Germany), Oper - StaatenHaus — 11:00
Conductor: Andrzej Bauer
Orchestra: Chain Ensemble
2017-06-27 | Warszawa (Poland), Nowy Teatr
Conductor: Jac van Steen
Orchestra: RCM Symphony Orchestra
2017-06-29 | London (United Kingdom), Amaryllis Fleming Concert Hall
Conductor: Dima Slobodeniouk
Orchestra: Avanti! Chamber Orchestra
2017-06-29 | Porvoo (Finland), Art Factory — 19:00
Conductor: Jac van Steen
Orchestra: RCM Symphony Orchestra
2017-06-30 | London (United Kingdom), Amaryllis Fleming Concert Hall
2017-07-14 | Posio (Finland) — 18:00
2017-07-14 | Posio (Finland) — 18:00
2017-07-14 | Posio (Finland) — 18:00
2017-07-17 | Siikalatva (Finland), Pulkkila school hall — 19:00
2017-07-17 | Siikalatva (Finland), Pulkkila school hall — 19:00
2017-07-17 | Siikalatva (Finland), Pulkkila school hall — 19:00
2017-08-06 | Manttu (Finland), Youth-House — 15:00
2017-08-06 | Manttu (Finland), Youth-House — 15:00
2017-08-06 | Manttu (Finland), Youth-House — 15:00
Conductor: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestra: Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra
2017-08-26 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
Conductor: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestra: Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra
2017-08-26 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
2017-08-27 | Luzern (Switzerland), KKL, Kunstmuseum — 16:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-08 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-10 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 13:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-17 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:00
2017-09-20 | Köln (Germany), Philharmonie
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-22 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-09-24 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
Conductor: Jakub Hrůša
Orchestra: Bamberger Symphoniker
2017-09-28 | Bamberg (Germany), Konzerthalle — 20:00
2017-09-29 | Meiningen (Germany), Theater
2017-09-29 | Meiningen (Germany), Südthüringisches Staatstheater
Conductor: Jakub Hrůša
Orchestra: Bamberger Symphoniker
2017-09-30 | Frankfurt (Germany), Alte Oper — 20:00
Conductor: Jakub Hrůša
Orchestra: Bamberger Symphoniker
2017-10-01 | Bonn (Germany), World Conference Center — 18:00
Conductor: Karl-Heinz Steffens
Orchestra: Deutsche Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz
2017-10-01 | Mannheim (Germany), Rosengarten
2017-10-03 | Strasbourg (France), Salle de la Bourse
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-10-07 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
2017-10-10 | Schweinfurt (Germany), Theater, Foyer
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-10-15 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:00
Conductor: Clemens Heil
2017-10-20 | Luzern (Switzerland), Theater — 19:30
2017-11-11 | Baden-Baden (Germany), Museum Frieder Burda — 20:00
2017-11-12 | Stuttgart (Germany), Neues Schloss — 16:00
2017-11-13 | Freiburg (Germany), Konzerthaus — 16:00
Conductor: Johannes Fischer
Orchestra: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-23 | Hamburg (Germany), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Conductor: Philippe Jordan
Orchestra: Wiener Symphoniker
2018-01-24 | Wien (Austria), Musikverein — 19:30
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-05-05 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-05-09 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
2018-05-11 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19:30
2018-05-11 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19:30
2018-05-12 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19:30
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Nicholas Collon
Orchestra: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (United Kingdom), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-05-24 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-06-05 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-06-22 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
Conductor: Peter Sommerer
2018-06-29 | Flensburg (Germany), Stadttheater
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