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Dieter  Schnebel

Born: March 14th, 1930
Country of origin: Germany

When time becomes an instant, it is transformed into space. Every spatial construction and each spatial distance is temporal: a temporal unit in which time is consolidated. (Dieter Schnebel)

Dieter Schnebel was born in Lahr/Baden on 14 March 1930. He began his studies at the Musikhochschule in Freiburg in 1949, simultaneously attending lectures given by Martin Heidegger at the University of Freiburg, and forged close contacts with the Kranichsteiner (now Darmstadt) Summer Courses for New Music (Adorno, Varèse, Messiaen, Nono, Stockhausen and later Cage). Schnebel then studied Protestant Theology (Karl Barth, Rudolf Bultmann), Philosophy (including the works of Ernst Bloch) and Musicology (Walter Gerstenberg, doctoral thesis on dynamics in the music of Schoenberg) in Tübingen from1952 to 1956. He was subsequently employed as a teacher and pastor in Kaiserslautern, Frankfurt/Main and Munich. He has been married to his second wife, Iris Kaschnitz, since 1970. A position as professor for experimental music and musicology was specially created for Schnebel at the Hochschule der Künste in Berlin in 1976, a post he occupied until becoming professor emeritus in 1995. He continued his theological activities as a preacher at the Johann-Sebastian-Bach church in Berlin-Lichterfelde and the church of St.Anne in Berlin-Dahlem. He wrote numerous musicological essays and books on subjects ranging from Bach, Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann, Wagner, Mahler and Debussy to Cage and Kagel.

Schnebel was originally a strict serial composer: Stücke für Streichinstrumente (1954/55), dt 31,6 (1956-58) and Compositio (1955/56), before an increasing anti-dogmatism spurred him on to develop experimental concept and process composition methods: Glossolalie 61Das Urteil (1959/60), (based on Kafka, 1959) and Ki-No (1963/67) in which he exploits the use of the human voice in previously unknown dimensions ranging from whispering and wheezing to screaming. He also produced compositions of a sacred character (Für Stimmen (…missa est) (1956-69), Dahlemer Messe (1984/87), Magnificat (1996/97) and missa brevis (2000-02), arrangements of Bach chorales and organ works), including works for the church pavilion at the EXPO 2000 and the documenta 2001. Through the creation of the theatre group "Die Maulwerker" at the Berlin Hochschule der Künste, Schnebel was able to systematise his open work concept which was only partially based on “fluxus” (réactions 1960/61, visible music 1960/62 and anschläge-ausschläge 1965/66) in which the musicians were instructed to participate in spatial actions involving the unconventional utilisation of their instruments and voices (Harley-Davidson for 9 motorbikes and trumpet 2000, Flipper for slot machine, performers, instruments and tape recorder 2002/03).

Each of the following work cycles originated in compositional processes over a period of several years: Maulwerke, Körper-Sprache, Schulmusik, Laut-Gesten-Laute, Museumsstücke, Schau-Stücke and Bachmann-Gedichte. In the cycles Re-Visionen (1972-92) and Tradition (1975-95) and also in the chamber music series Psycho-Logia (incl. Pan 1978/88 and Medusa 1989/93) with its references to Greek mythology, the composer developed innovative concepts in the relationship between traditional and new or experimental music. The opera Majakowskis Tod - Totentanz (1989/97), the large-scale vocal work Ekstasis (1996/97/2001) and the monumental Sinfonie X (1987/92/2004) can be counted among Schnebel’s key works.

In 1991, Schnebel was awarded the Lahr Culture Prize and was the first recipient of the European Church Music Prize awarded by the town of Schwäbisch Gmünd in 1999. He is a member of the Academy of Arts in Berlin, the Free Academy of Arts in Leipzig (both since 1991) and the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts (since 1996).

1930
Born in Lahr/Black Forest on 14 March
from 1940
Grammar school, piano lessons (W. Siebler), juvenile compositions
1949
Studied music in Freiburg (music theory with E. Doflein), attended the Kranichsteiner Ferienkurse für Neue Musik (Varèse, Adorno, Leibowitz, Křenek, Scherchen, Boulez, Henze, Stockhausen)
1952
Studied theology, philosophy ans musicology in Tübingen (Barth, Bultmann, Bloch)
1953
Serial compositions: "Versuche" for various ensembles (Analysis, Stücke, Fragment, Compositio)
1956
Parso in Kaiserslautern, marriage (with Camilla Riegger), 2 children (Andreas, Bettina)
1959
Phonetic, spatially structured music: "Glossolalie" for speakers and instruments, "Das Urteil" Spatial music for ensemble
1960
Visible, process-like music: "visible music" for conductor and one instrument, "reactions" for one instrument and audience, "Nostalgie" (for solo conductor), "Anschläge-Ausschläge" (trio), "Ki-No" Night music for projectors and listeners
1963
Religious education teacher at the Wöhler School in Frankfurt on the Main
1966
Organic music as direcr expression: "Maulwerke" for articulatory organs and reproduction devices
1970
Religious education and music teacher in Munich, Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Neue Musik at the Oskar-von-Miller Gymnasium, Munich
1972
Educational music for "amateurs": "Schulmusik" ("Blasmusik", "Gesums", "Kontrapunkt", "Harmonik", "Stuhlgewitter", "Zahlen für (mit) Münzen")
1975
"Tradition" - "Re-Visionen"; retrospective views forward - previews backward: "Canones" ("In motu proprio", "Diapason") for ensembles, "B-Dur-Quintett", "Lieder ohne Worte" for voice and two instruments, "Bagatellen", "Auguri" for piano, "Inventionen" for violincello solo, "Zwischenfugen" for organ, "Sinfonie-Stücke" for orchestra, "MISSA" for soloists, two choirs, orchestra and organ; "Sinfonie X" for contralto voice, large orchestra and live electronics, "Revisionen": "Bach-Contrapuncti", "Beethoven-Sinfonie", "Webern-Variationen", "Wagner-Idyll", "Schubert-Phantasie", "Janáček-Moment", "Mozart-Moment", "Schumann-Moment", "Mahler-Moment", "Verdi-Moment"
1976
Professor of experimental music and musicology in Berlin
1977
Spatial and mobile music: "Drei-Klang" for three ensembles, "Orchestra" for mobile musicians
1978
Worked with the experimental theatre group "Die Maulwerker", extended journeys abroad (lectures, concerts): USA - Canada, Japan - Korea, Yugoslavia - Greece - Israel, Latin America
from 1978
Psychoanalytical music ("emotional realism"): "Pan" for flute, "Marsyas" for shawm, "Circe" fur harp, "Thanatos-Eros" for orchestra, "Sisyphos" for two instruments, "Languido" for bass flute and live electronics, "Jo" for guitar, winds and percussion
1979
"Körper-Sprache" for 3 to 9 performers (1980)
1981
Experimental theatre for voices and gestures: "Laut-Gesten-Laute" ("Fantasien", "An-sätze", "Redeübungen", "Weisen", "Gedankengänge"), "Zeichen-Sprache" (6 Poems for 4 heads, 2 trunks, 8 legs, 1 body, 7 arms, 3 fingers)
1984
Ecological music: "Jowaegerli" (Scenic cantata based on Alemannic texts by J.P. Hebel), "Raumklang X" for orchestra
1989
Further works of spatially structured music: "Monotonien" for piano and live electronics, "Das Urteil" (after Kafka), realisation of the project of 1959, "Gehörgänge-Anvironment" (Project 1972), "raum-zeit y " for musicians on revolving stools (Project 1958-60), "St. Jago" (Scenic cantata after/on Heinrich von Kleist)
1991
Lahr Cultural Prize, member of the Berlin Academie of the Arts, member of the Free Academy of the Arts, Leipzig
1992
Multi-spatil music:
"Museumsstücke I ", "MoMA, Museumsstücke II " for flexibel voices and instruments, "Numbers" for solo vocalist, "Schau-Stücke" Body etudes for voice and gestures, "Worte-Töne-Schritte" Musical story for voice, synthesizer and percussion

Vocal music:
"Motetus I " for two choirs, "Lamento di Guerra" for voice and organ, "Amazones" for five female voices, "Kaschnitz-Gedichte" for voice and piano, "Quintessenz´" for vocal quartet with piano, "Mit diesen Händen" for voice and violoncello

Instrumental music:
"Toccata mit Fugen" for large organ and percussion, "Lamah" for string trio with voice
1995
Further journeys: Latin America (Montevideo, Bueños Aires, São Paolo, Rio de Janeiro), Madrid, Switzerland, Rome
1998
Further sacred music:
"Motetus II ", "Magnificat" for schola, chor and percussion, "Missa brevis", "Psalm 139" for voice and percussion, "Aschermittwochsmusik" for schola, choir, organ and percussion, "David-Project"
1999
Further experimental theatre:
"Y2K" (at 1.1.2000) for voices, "Harley-Davidson" for 9 motorcycles and trumpet, "N.N." for flexible voices and instruments, "Flipper" for pinball machines, voices, performers, instruments and tape, "Fontanta-Mix-Musik" for 2 performers, 2 instruments and tape, "Zimzum-Musik" Project for string trio, voice, synthesizer and projection

Further chamber music:
"Verschattungen" for bass clarinet, viola and tape, "Anfänge..." for guitar (saxophone, percussion ad lib.), "Bachmann-Gedichte" for voice, saxophone and percussion
2001
"Lebensblätter" (Signatur 33) Art book on life and work
2002
World premiere of "Ekstasis" at Musica Viva in Munich
2011
Sigmund-Freud-Kulturpreis
2015
Cross of Merit on Ribbon of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany

per page
  1. Zeichen-Sprache

    Zeichen-Sprache

    Musik für Gesten und Stimmen
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 4-10 performers
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 36
    €22.99
  2. Ki-No

    Ki-No

    Nachtmusik für Projektoren und Hörer
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 1 speakers, percussion, tape and 2-4 Diaprojektoren
    Edition: score
    Order No.: WKS 27
    €22.99
  3. Das Urteil

    Das Urteil

    nach Franz Kafka
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: denatured instruments, natured singing voices, other acoustic sources and audience
    Edition: PDF
    Language: German
    Order No.: WKS 28
    €19.99
  4. Handwerke - Blaswerke I

    Handwerke - Blaswerke I

    Ensemble I
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: archaic and exotic instruments (1 wind instruments, 1 strings, 1 percussion)
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 30
    €9.99
  5. Rhythmen

    Rhythmen

    (aus Schulmusik) (auch Bestandteil von Drei-Klang)
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: percussion
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 31
    €13.99
  6. Drei-Klang

    Drei-Klang

    (Räume 4)
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 3 different ensembles
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 32
    €4.99
  7. Montiano Song

    Montiano Song

    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: Melodie and accompaniment (Voice and Instrument, Melody Instrument and Instrument or singing Instrumentalist)
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 34
    €4.99
  8. Laut - Gesten - Laute

    Laut - Gesten - Laute

    Weisen von Kopf bis Fuß
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 1-4 actors
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 35
    €15.99
  9. NC (Nuova Consonanza)

    NC (Nuova Consonanza)

    Improvisation
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 3-5 instruments
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 37
    €7.99
  10. Worte, Töne, Schritte

    Worte, Töne, Schritte

    Musikalische Story für 1 oder 2 Darsteller, Schlagzeug und Synthesizer
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    text writer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: actor, percussion and synthesizers
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 39
    €15.99

per page
Profile

When time becomes an instant, it is transformed into space. Every spatial construction and each spatial distance is temporal: a temporal unit in which time is consolidated. (Dieter Schnebel)

Dieter Schnebel was born in Lahr/Baden on 14 March 1930. He began his studies at the Musikhochschule in Freiburg in 1949, simultaneously attending lectures given by Martin Heidegger at the University of Freiburg, and forged close contacts with the Kranichsteiner (now Darmstadt) Summer Courses for New Music (Adorno, Varèse, Messiaen, Nono, Stockhausen and later Cage). Schnebel then studied Protestant Theology (Karl Barth, Rudolf Bultmann), Philosophy (including the works of Ernst Bloch) and Musicology (Walter Gerstenberg, doctoral thesis on dynamics in the music of Schoenberg) in Tübingen from1952 to 1956. He was subsequently employed as a teacher and pastor in Kaiserslautern, Frankfurt/Main and Munich. He has been married to his second wife, Iris Kaschnitz, since 1970. A position as professor for experimental music and musicology was specially created for Schnebel at the Hochschule der Künste in Berlin in 1976, a post he occupied until becoming professor emeritus in 1995. He continued his theological activities as a preacher at the Johann-Sebastian-Bach church in Berlin-Lichterfelde and the church of St.Anne in Berlin-Dahlem. He wrote numerous musicological essays and books on subjects ranging from Bach, Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann, Wagner, Mahler and Debussy to Cage and Kagel.

Schnebel was originally a strict serial composer: Stücke für Streichinstrumente (1954/55), dt 31,6 (1956-58) and Compositio (1955/56), before an increasing anti-dogmatism spurred him on to develop experimental concept and process composition methods: Glossolalie 61Das Urteil (1959/60), (based on Kafka, 1959) and Ki-No (1963/67) in which he exploits the use of the human voice in previously unknown dimensions ranging from whispering and wheezing to screaming. He also produced compositions of a sacred character (Für Stimmen (…missa est) (1956-69), Dahlemer Messe (1984/87), Magnificat (1996/97) and missa brevis (2000-02), arrangements of Bach chorales and organ works), including works for the church pavilion at the EXPO 2000 and the documenta 2001. Through the creation of the theatre group "Die Maulwerker" at the Berlin Hochschule der Künste, Schnebel was able to systematise his open work concept which was only partially based on “fluxus” (réactions 1960/61, visible music 1960/62 and anschläge-ausschläge 1965/66) in which the musicians were instructed to participate in spatial actions involving the unconventional utilisation of their instruments and voices (Harley-Davidson for 9 motorbikes and trumpet 2000, Flipper for slot machine, performers, instruments and tape recorder 2002/03).

Each of the following work cycles originated in compositional processes over a period of several years: Maulwerke, Körper-Sprache, Schulmusik, Laut-Gesten-Laute, Museumsstücke, Schau-Stücke and Bachmann-Gedichte. In the cycles Re-Visionen (1972-92) and Tradition (1975-95) and also in the chamber music series Psycho-Logia (incl. Pan 1978/88 and Medusa 1989/93) with its references to Greek mythology, the composer developed innovative concepts in the relationship between traditional and new or experimental music. The opera Majakowskis Tod - Totentanz (1989/97), the large-scale vocal work Ekstasis (1996/97/2001) and the monumental Sinfonie X (1987/92/2004) can be counted among Schnebel’s key works.

In 1991, Schnebel was awarded the Lahr Culture Prize and was the first recipient of the European Church Music Prize awarded by the town of Schwäbisch Gmünd in 1999. He is a member of the Academy of Arts in Berlin, the Free Academy of Arts in Leipzig (both since 1991) and the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts (since 1996).

Works
Chronology
1930
Born in Lahr/Black Forest on 14 March
from 1940
Grammar school, piano lessons (W. Siebler), juvenile compositions
1949
Studied music in Freiburg (music theory with E. Doflein), attended the Kranichsteiner Ferienkurse für Neue Musik (Varèse, Adorno, Leibowitz, Křenek, Scherchen, Boulez, Henze, Stockhausen)
1952
Studied theology, philosophy ans musicology in Tübingen (Barth, Bultmann, Bloch)
1953
Serial compositions: "Versuche" for various ensembles (Analysis, Stücke, Fragment, Compositio)
1956
Parso in Kaiserslautern, marriage (with Camilla Riegger), 2 children (Andreas, Bettina)
1959
Phonetic, spatially structured music: "Glossolalie" for speakers and instruments, "Das Urteil" Spatial music for ensemble
1960
Visible, process-like music: "visible music" for conductor and one instrument, "reactions" for one instrument and audience, "Nostalgie" (for solo conductor), "Anschläge-Ausschläge" (trio), "Ki-No" Night music for projectors and listeners
1963
Religious education teacher at the Wöhler School in Frankfurt on the Main
1966
Organic music as direcr expression: "Maulwerke" for articulatory organs and reproduction devices
1970
Religious education and music teacher in Munich, Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Neue Musik at the Oskar-von-Miller Gymnasium, Munich
1972
Educational music for "amateurs": "Schulmusik" ("Blasmusik", "Gesums", "Kontrapunkt", "Harmonik", "Stuhlgewitter", "Zahlen für (mit) Münzen")
1975
"Tradition" - "Re-Visionen"; retrospective views forward - previews backward: "Canones" ("In motu proprio", "Diapason") for ensembles, "B-Dur-Quintett", "Lieder ohne Worte" for voice and two instruments, "Bagatellen", "Auguri" for piano, "Inventionen" for violincello solo, "Zwischenfugen" for organ, "Sinfonie-Stücke" for orchestra, "MISSA" for soloists, two choirs, orchestra and organ; "Sinfonie X" for contralto voice, large orchestra and live electronics, "Revisionen": "Bach-Contrapuncti", "Beethoven-Sinfonie", "Webern-Variationen", "Wagner-Idyll", "Schubert-Phantasie", "Janáček-Moment", "Mozart-Moment", "Schumann-Moment", "Mahler-Moment", "Verdi-Moment"
1976
Professor of experimental music and musicology in Berlin
1977
Spatial and mobile music: "Drei-Klang" for three ensembles, "Orchestra" for mobile musicians
1978
Worked with the experimental theatre group "Die Maulwerker", extended journeys abroad (lectures, concerts): USA - Canada, Japan - Korea, Yugoslavia - Greece - Israel, Latin America
from 1978
Psychoanalytical music ("emotional realism"): "Pan" for flute, "Marsyas" for shawm, "Circe" fur harp, "Thanatos-Eros" for orchestra, "Sisyphos" for two instruments, "Languido" for bass flute and live electronics, "Jo" for guitar, winds and percussion
1979
"Körper-Sprache" for 3 to 9 performers (1980)
1981
Experimental theatre for voices and gestures: "Laut-Gesten-Laute" ("Fantasien", "An-sätze", "Redeübungen", "Weisen", "Gedankengänge"), "Zeichen-Sprache" (6 Poems for 4 heads, 2 trunks, 8 legs, 1 body, 7 arms, 3 fingers)
1984
Ecological music: "Jowaegerli" (Scenic cantata based on Alemannic texts by J.P. Hebel), "Raumklang X" for orchestra
1989
Further works of spatially structured music: "Monotonien" for piano and live electronics, "Das Urteil" (after Kafka), realisation of the project of 1959, "Gehörgänge-Anvironment" (Project 1972), "raum-zeit y " for musicians on revolving stools (Project 1958-60), "St. Jago" (Scenic cantata after/on Heinrich von Kleist)
1991
Lahr Cultural Prize, member of the Berlin Academie of the Arts, member of the Free Academy of the Arts, Leipzig
1992
Multi-spatil music:
"Museumsstücke I ", "MoMA, Museumsstücke II " for flexibel voices and instruments, "Numbers" for solo vocalist, "Schau-Stücke" Body etudes for voice and gestures, "Worte-Töne-Schritte" Musical story for voice, synthesizer and percussion

Vocal music:
"Motetus I " for two choirs, "Lamento di Guerra" for voice and organ, "Amazones" for five female voices, "Kaschnitz-Gedichte" for voice and piano, "Quintessenz´" for vocal quartet with piano, "Mit diesen Händen" for voice and violoncello

Instrumental music:
"Toccata mit Fugen" for large organ and percussion, "Lamah" for string trio with voice
1995
Further journeys: Latin America (Montevideo, Bueños Aires, São Paolo, Rio de Janeiro), Madrid, Switzerland, Rome
1998
Further sacred music:
"Motetus II ", "Magnificat" for schola, chor and percussion, "Missa brevis", "Psalm 139" for voice and percussion, "Aschermittwochsmusik" for schola, choir, organ and percussion, "David-Project"
1999
Further experimental theatre:
"Y2K" (at 1.1.2000) for voices, "Harley-Davidson" for 9 motorcycles and trumpet, "N.N." for flexible voices and instruments, "Flipper" for pinball machines, voices, performers, instruments and tape, "Fontanta-Mix-Musik" for 2 performers, 2 instruments and tape, "Zimzum-Musik" Project for string trio, voice, synthesizer and projection

Further chamber music:
"Verschattungen" for bass clarinet, viola and tape, "Anfänge..." for guitar (saxophone, percussion ad lib.), "Bachmann-Gedichte" for voice, saxophone and percussion
2001
"Lebensblätter" (Signatur 33) Art book on life and work
2002
World premiere of "Ekstasis" at Musica Viva in Munich
2011
Sigmund-Freud-Kulturpreis
2015
Cross of Merit on Ribbon of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
Products

per page
  1. Zeichen-Sprache

    Zeichen-Sprache

    Musik für Gesten und Stimmen
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 4-10 performers
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 36
    €22.99
  2. Ki-No

    Ki-No

    Nachtmusik für Projektoren und Hörer
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 1 speakers, percussion, tape and 2-4 Diaprojektoren
    Edition: score
    Order No.: WKS 27
    €22.99
  3. Das Urteil

    Das Urteil

    nach Franz Kafka
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: denatured instruments, natured singing voices, other acoustic sources and audience
    Edition: PDF
    Language: German
    Order No.: WKS 28
    €19.99
  4. Handwerke - Blaswerke I

    Handwerke - Blaswerke I

    Ensemble I
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: archaic and exotic instruments (1 wind instruments, 1 strings, 1 percussion)
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 30
    €9.99
  5. Rhythmen

    Rhythmen

    (aus Schulmusik) (auch Bestandteil von Drei-Klang)
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: percussion
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 31
    €13.99
  6. Drei-Klang

    Drei-Klang

    (Räume 4)
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 3 different ensembles
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 32
    €4.99
  7. Montiano Song

    Montiano Song

    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: Melodie and accompaniment (Voice and Instrument, Melody Instrument and Instrument or singing Instrumentalist)
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 34
    €4.99
  8. Laut - Gesten - Laute

    Laut - Gesten - Laute

    Weisen von Kopf bis Fuß
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 1-4 actors
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 35
    €15.99
  9. NC (Nuova Consonanza)

    NC (Nuova Consonanza)

    Improvisation
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: 3-5 instruments
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 37
    €7.99
  10. Worte, Töne, Schritte

    Worte, Töne, Schritte

    Musikalische Story für 1 oder 2 Darsteller, Schlagzeug und Synthesizer
    Digital output
    Composer: Schnebel, Dieter
    text writer: Schnebel, Dieter
    Instrumentation: actor, percussion and synthesizers
    Edition: PDF
    Order No.: WKS 39
    €15.99

per page
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