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Antiphon

Antiphon

für Orchestergruppen


  • Instrumentation: orchestra
  • Edition: performance material
  • Order No.: LS 5208-01

Description
Impressed by the principles and sound structures of Venetian polychorality, I set up different orchestral choirs, each homogenous in itself: 4 flutes, 4 oboes, 4 clarinets, 4 bassoons in the woodwind section; 4 horns, 4 trumpets, 4 trombones and a tuba in the brass section; 4 percussionists and timpani positioned at the back, as well as a relatively small string ensemble emphasizing the low registers comprising 4 violins, 6 violoncellos and 8 double-basses, 4 of which are positioned on the extreme left while the other 4 are positioned on the extreme right. These individual mini-choirs alternate constantly in a very fast way. I abandoned entirely my preference for the smallest of transitions and imperceptible merging of sounds in favour of a clearly separating 'splitting sound', of a radical cutting technique.

The basic material is rather simple and strictly limited: a fast fanfare rhythm, a slowly repeated ritual-like stretched percussion pulse, and a melodic shape that, on each new note, wanders to another instrument group. Everything that follows arises from these three cells.

The fanfare impulse remains similar to its fundamental character throughout the piece despite various contrapuntal transformations, as does the original rhythmic form despite all kinds of modifications and variations. What changes radically is the melodic nucleus: it is gradually extended and stretched until it functions as a varied verse with a final sequence. At the same time, monophony gradually becomes a two-part, then three-part structure and finally polyphony which, however, jumps in sections from instrument group to instrument group. Everything is subjugated to the idea of alternate singing, of the antiphon.

- Jörg Widmann, in February 2008
Details
Auftragswerk : Auftragswerk des Hessischen Rundfunks
Performance duration: 20' 0"
Publisher: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 27. Februar 2008 Frankfurt/Main, Alte Oper, Großer Saal (D) · Dirigent: Paavo Järvi · hr-Sinfonieorchester
Year of composition: 2007 - 2008
instrumentation: 4 (alle auch Picc.) · 4 (3. auch Engl. Hr., 4. auch Heckelphon) · 4 (3. auch Bassklar., 4. auch Kb.-Klar.) · 4 (3. u. 4. auch Kfg.) - 4 · 4 · 4 · 1 - P. S. (I: Glsp. · Crot. [e’’’ – c’’’’’] · Buckelgongs [Cis, Fis, Gis, A] · 3 Beck. · gr. Tr. · 2 Tamburims [beide h., aber unterschiedlich] · 2 Tomt. [t.] · Ratsche; II: Glsp. · Xyl. · Crot. [e’’’’, b’’’’] · 2 Beck. [m./t.] · chin. Beck. · chin. Operngong · 2 Gongs [h.] · Tamt. [t.] · 2 Bong. · gr. Tr. · Tomt. [t.]; III: Xyl. · Crot. [cis’’’ – c’’’’’] · Röhrengl. · Plattengl. [Cis, D, E, G, As] · Buckelgongs [Cis, Es] · chin. Operngong · Trgl. [h.] · 2 Beck. [m./t.] · chin. Beck. · 3 Tamt. [h./m./t.] · 2 Tamburims [beide h., aber unterschiedlich] · gr. Tr. · Tomt. [t.] · Rototom [sehr h.]; IV: Xyl. · Plattengl. [Cis, D, G] · Trgl. [h.] · Beck. [t.] · 2 Gongs [m]. · Tamt. [t.] · 2 Bong. · gr. Tr.) (4 Spieler) - Str. (4 · 0 · 0 · 6 · 8 [alle mit 5. Saite H])
Delivery rights: worldwide
Performances
Conductor: Daniel Harding
Orchestra: Sveriges Radios Symfoniorkester
2012-11-17 | Berwaldhallen (Sweden), Berwaldhallen — 15.00 h
Conductor: Daniel Harding
Orchestra: Sveriges Radios Symfoniorkester
2012-11-16 | Berwaldhallen (Sweden), Berwaldhallen — 19.30 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Andris Nelsons
Orchestra: City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
2009-05-27 | Birmingham (United Kingdom), Symphony Hall — 19.30 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Heinz Holliger
Orchestra: Orchestre National de Lyon
2009-03-07 | Lyon (France), Auditorium — 18.00 h
Conductor: Heinz Holliger
Orchestra: Orchestre National de Lyon
2009-03-06 | Chambéry (France), Espace Malraux — 20.30 h
Conductor: Heinz Holliger
Orchestra: Orchestre National de Lyon
2009-03-05 | Lyon (France), Auditorium — 20.30 h | national Premiere
Conductor: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestra: YLE Radion sinfoniaorkesteri
2008-04-23 | Helsinki (Finland), Finlandia-talo — 19.00 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
2008-03-08 | Cincinnati, OH (United States of America), Music Hall — 20.00 h
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
2008-03-07 | Cincinnati, OH (United States of America), Music Hall — 11.00 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2008-02-29 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Großer Saal — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2008-02-28 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Großer Saal — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2008-02-27 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Großer Saal — 19.00 Uhr - Jugendkonzert | World Premiere
Audio Stream
Impressed by the principles and sound structures of Venetian polychorality, I set up different orchestral choirs, each homogenous in itself: 4 flutes, 4 oboes, 4 clarinets, 4 bassoons in the woodwind section; 4 horns, 4 trumpets, 4 trombones and a tuba in the brass section; 4 percussionists and timpani positioned at the back, as well as a relatively small string ensemble emphasizing the low registers comprising 4 violins, 6 violoncellos and 8 double-basses, 4 of which are positioned on the extreme left while the other 4 are positioned on the extreme right. These individual mini-choirs alternate constantly in a very fast way. I abandoned entirely my preference for the smallest of transitions and imperceptible merging of sounds in favour of a clearly separating 'splitting sound', of a radical cutting technique.

The basic material is rather simple and strictly limited: a fast fanfare rhythm, a slowly repeated ritual-like stretched percussion pulse, and a melodic shape that, on each new note, wanders to another instrument group. Everything that follows arises from these three cells.

The fanfare impulse remains similar to its fundamental character throughout the piece despite various contrapuntal transformations, as does the original rhythmic form despite all kinds of modifications and variations. What changes radically is the melodic nucleus: it is gradually extended and stretched until it functions as a varied verse with a final sequence. At the same time, monophony gradually becomes a two-part, then three-part structure and finally polyphony which, however, jumps in sections from instrument group to instrument group. Everything is subjugated to the idea of alternate singing, of the antiphon.

- Jörg Widmann, in February 2008
Auftragswerk : Auftragswerk des Hessischen Rundfunks
Performance duration: 20' 0"
Publisher: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 27. Februar 2008 Frankfurt/Main, Alte Oper, Großer Saal (D) · Dirigent: Paavo Järvi · hr-Sinfonieorchester
Year of composition: 2007 - 2008
instrumentation: 4 (alle auch Picc.) · 4 (3. auch Engl. Hr., 4. auch Heckelphon) · 4 (3. auch Bassklar., 4. auch Kb.-Klar.) · 4 (3. u. 4. auch Kfg.) - 4 · 4 · 4 · 1 - P. S. (I: Glsp. · Crot. [e’’’ – c’’’’’] · Buckelgongs [Cis, Fis, Gis, A] · 3 Beck. · gr. Tr. · 2 Tamburims [beide h., aber unterschiedlich] · 2 Tomt. [t.] · Ratsche; II: Glsp. · Xyl. · Crot. [e’’’’, b’’’’] · 2 Beck. [m./t.] · chin. Beck. · chin. Operngong · 2 Gongs [h.] · Tamt. [t.] · 2 Bong. · gr. Tr. · Tomt. [t.]; III: Xyl. · Crot. [cis’’’ – c’’’’’] · Röhrengl. · Plattengl. [Cis, D, E, G, As] · Buckelgongs [Cis, Es] · chin. Operngong · Trgl. [h.] · 2 Beck. [m./t.] · chin. Beck. · 3 Tamt. [h./m./t.] · 2 Tamburims [beide h., aber unterschiedlich] · gr. Tr. · Tomt. [t.] · Rototom [sehr h.]; IV: Xyl. · Plattengl. [Cis, D, G] · Trgl. [h.] · Beck. [t.] · 2 Gongs [m]. · Tamt. [t.] · 2 Bong. · gr. Tr.) (4 Spieler) - Str. (4 · 0 · 0 · 6 · 8 [alle mit 5. Saite H])
Delivery rights: worldwide
Conductor: Daniel Harding
Orchestra: Sveriges Radios Symfoniorkester
2012-11-17 | Berwaldhallen (Sweden), Berwaldhallen — 15.00 h
Conductor: Daniel Harding
Orchestra: Sveriges Radios Symfoniorkester
2012-11-16 | Berwaldhallen (Sweden), Berwaldhallen — 19.30 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Andris Nelsons
Orchestra: City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
2009-05-27 | Birmingham (United Kingdom), Symphony Hall — 19.30 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Heinz Holliger
Orchestra: Orchestre National de Lyon
2009-03-07 | Lyon (France), Auditorium — 18.00 h
Conductor: Heinz Holliger
Orchestra: Orchestre National de Lyon
2009-03-06 | Chambéry (France), Espace Malraux — 20.30 h
Conductor: Heinz Holliger
Orchestra: Orchestre National de Lyon
2009-03-05 | Lyon (France), Auditorium — 20.30 h | national Premiere
Conductor: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestra: YLE Radion sinfoniaorkesteri
2008-04-23 | Helsinki (Finland), Finlandia-talo — 19.00 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
2008-03-08 | Cincinnati, OH (United States of America), Music Hall — 20.00 h
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
2008-03-07 | Cincinnati, OH (United States of America), Music Hall — 11.00 h | national Premiere
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2008-02-29 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Großer Saal — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2008-02-28 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Großer Saal — 20.00 Uhr
Conductor: Paavo Järvi
Orchestra: hr-Sinfonieorchester
2008-02-27 | Frankfurt/Main (Germany), Alte Oper, Großer Saal — 19.00 Uhr - Jugendkonzert | World Premiere